Meaning of CYLINDER in English

CYLINDER

transcription, транскрипция: [ ˈsi-lən-dər ]

noun

Etymology: Middle French or Latin; Middle French cylindre, from Latin cylindrus, from Greek kylindros, from kylindein to roll; perhaps akin to Greek kyklos wheel — more at wheel

Date: 1570

1.

a. : the surface traced by a straight line moving parallel to a fixed straight line and intersecting a fixed planar closed curve

b. : a solid or surface bounded by a cylinder and two parallel planes cutting all its elements ; especially : right circular cylinder — see volume table

2. : a cylindrical body or space: as

a. : the turning chambered breech of a revolver

b.

(1) : the piston chamber in an engine

(2) : a chamber in a pump from which the piston expels the fluid

c. : any of various rotating members in a press (as a printing press) ; especially : one that impresses paper on an inked form

d. : a cylindrical clay object inscribed with cuneiform inscriptions

• cyl·in·dered -dərd adjective

- on all cylinders

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.