Meaning of DRILL in English

DRILL

I. ˈdril verb

Etymology: Dutch drillen

Date: 1619

transitive verb

1.

a. : to fix something in the mind or habit pattern of by repetitive instruction

drill pupils in spelling

b. : to impart or communicate by repetition

impossible to drill the simplest idea into some people

c. : to train or exercise in military drill

2.

a.

(1) : to bore or drive a hole in

(2) : to make by piercing action

drill a hole

b. : to shoot with or as if with a gun

c.

(1) : to propel (as a ball) with force or accuracy

drill ed a single to right field

(2) : to hit with force

drill ed the batter with the first pitch

intransitive verb

1. : to make a hole with a drill

2. : to engage in an exercise

• drill·abil·i·ty ˌdri-lə-ˈbi-lə-tē noun

• drill·able -lə-bəl adjective

• drill·er ˈdri-lər noun

II. noun

Date: 1611

1. : an instrument with an edged or pointed end for making holes in hard substances by revolving or by a succession of blows ; also : a machine for operating such an instrument

2. : the act or exercise of training soldiers in marching and in executing prescribed movements with a weapon

3.

a. : a physical or mental exercise aimed at perfecting facility and skill especially by regular practice

b. : a formal exercise by a team of marchers

c. : the approved, correct, or usual procedure for accomplishing something : routine

4.

a. : a marine snail ( Urosalpinx cinerea ) destructive to oysters by boring through their shells and feeding on the soft parts

b. : any of several mollusks related to the drill

5. : a drilling sound

III. noun

Etymology: origin unknown

Date: 1644

: a western African baboon ( Mandrillus leucophaeus syn. Papio leucophaeus ) having a black face and brown coat and closely related to the typical mandrills

IV. noun

Etymology: perhaps from drill small stream, from obsolete drill to trickle, drip

Date: 1727

1.

a. : a shallow furrow or trench into which seed is sown

b. : a row of seed sown in such a furrow

2. : a planting implement that makes holes or furrows, drops in the seed and sometimes fertilizer, and covers them with earth

V. transitive verb

Date: circa 1740

1. : to sow (seeds) by dropping along a shallow furrow

2.

a. : to sow with seed or set with seedlings inserted in drills

b. : to distribute seed or fertilizer in by means of a drill

VI. noun

Etymology: short for drilling

Date: 1743

: a durable cotton twilled fabric

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.