Meaning of DROP in English

DROP

I. ˈdräp noun

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English dropa; akin to Old High German tropfo drop

Date: before 12th century

1.

a.

(1) : the quantity of fluid that falls in one spherical mass

(2) plural : a dose of medicine measured by drops

eye drop s for dilating the pupil of the eye

b. : a minute quantity or degree of something nonmaterial or intangible

c. : a small quantity of drink

d. : the smallest practical unit of liquid measure

2. : something that resembles a liquid drop: as

a. : a pendent ornament attached to a piece of jewelry ; also : an earring with such a pendant

b. : a small globular cookie or candy

3.

[ drop (II)]

a. : the act or an instance of dropping : fall

b. : a decline in quantity or quality

c. : a descent by parachute ; also : the people or equipment dropped by parachute

d. : a place or central depository to which something (as mail, money, or stolen property) is brought for distribution or transmission ; also : the act of depositing something at such a place

made the drop

4.

a. : the distance from a higher to a lower level or through which something drops

b. : a decrease in electric potential

5. : a slot into which something is to be dropped

6.

[ drop (II)]

: something that drops, hangs, or falls: as

a. : a movable plate that covers the keyhole of a lock

b. : an unframed piece of cloth stage scenery ; also : drop curtain

c. : a hinged platform on a gallows

d. : a fallen fruit

7. : the advantage of having an opponent covered with a firearm ; broadly : advantage , superiority — usually used in the phrase get the drop on

8. : a move back from the line of scrimmage (as in preparation for making a forward pass)

a quick drop

- at the drop of a hat

- drop in the bucket

II. verb

( dropped ; drop·ping )

Date: before 12th century

intransitive verb

1. : to fall in drops

2.

a.

(1) : to fall unexpectedly or suddenly

(2) : to descend from one line or level to another

b. : to fall in a state of collapse or death

c. of a card : to become played by reason of the obligation to follow suit

d. of a ball : to fall or roll into a hole or basket

3. : to enter or pass as if without conscious effort of will into some state, condition, or activity

dropped into sleep

4.

a. : to cease to be of concern : lapse

let the matter drop

b. : to pass from view or notice : disappear — often used with out

drop out of sight

c. : to become less

production dropped

— often used with off

5. : to move with a favoring wind or current — usually used with down

transitive verb

1. : to let fall : cause to fall

2.

a. : give up 2, abandon

drop an idea

drop the charges

b. : discontinue

dropped what she was doing

c. : to break off an association or connection with : dismiss

drop a failing student

3.

a. : to utter or mention in a casual way

drop a suggestion

drop names

b. : write

drop us a line soon

4.

a. : to lower or cause to descend from one level or position to another

b. : to cause to lessen or decrease : reduce

dropped his speed

5. of an animal : to give birth to

6.

a. : lose

dropped three games

dropped $50 in a poker game

b. : spend

drop $20 for lunch

c. : to get rid of

dropped 20 pounds

7.

a. : to bring down with a shot or a blow

b. : to cause (a high card) to fall

c. : to toss or roll into a hole or basket

drop a putt

8.

a. : to deposit or deliver during a usually brief stop — usually used with off

drop the kids off at school

b. : air-drop

9. : to cause (the voice) to be less loud

10.

a. : to leave (a letter representing a speech sound) unsounded

drop the g in running

b. : to leave out in writing : omit

11. : to draw from an external point

drop a perpendicular to the line

12. : to take (a drug) orally : swallow

drop acid

• drop·pa·ble ˈdrä-pə-bəl adjective

- drop a dime

- drop behind

- drop the ball

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.