Meaning of ENVIRONMENT in English

ENVIRONMENT

transcription, транскрипция: [ in-ˈvī-rə(n)-mənt, -ˈvī(-ə)r(n)- ]

noun

Date: 1827

1. : the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded

2.

a. : the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors (as climate, soil, and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival

b. : the aggregate of social and cultural conditions that influence the life of an individual or community

3. : the position or characteristic position of a linguistic element in a sequence

4. : a computer interface from which various tasks can be performed

a programming environment

Synonyms: see background

• en·vi·ron·men·tal -ˌvī-rə(n)-ˈmen-t ə l, -ˌvī(-ə)r(n)- adjective

• en·vi·ron·men·tal·ly -t ə l-ē adverb

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.