Meaning of GAIN in English

GAIN

I. ˈgān noun

Etymology: Middle English gayne, from Anglo-French gaigne, gain, from gaaigner to till, earn, gain, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German weidanōn to hunt for food, Old English wāth pursuit, hunt

Date: 14th century

1. : resources or advantage acquired or increased : profit

made substantial gain s last year

2. : the act or process of gaining

3.

a. : an increase in amount, magnitude, or degree

a gain in efficiency

b. : the increase (as of voltage or signal intensity) caused by an amplifier ; especially : the ratio of output over input

c. : the signal-gathering ability of an antenna

II. verb

Date: 14th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to acquire or get possession of usually by industry, merit, or craft

gain an advantage

he stood to gain a fortune

b. : to win in competition or conflict

the troops gain ed enemy territory

c.

(1) : to arrive at : reach , attain

gain ed the river that night

(2) : traverse , cover

gain ed 10 yards on the play

d. : to get by a natural development or process

gain strength

e. : to establish a specific relationship with

gain a friend

2.

a. : to make an increase of (a specified amount)

gain ed three percent in the past month

b. : to increase in (a particular quality)

gain momentum

3. : to win to one's side : persuade

gain adherents to a cause

4. : to cause to be obtained or given : attract

gain attention

5. of a timepiece : to run fast by the amount of

the clock gain s a minute a day

intransitive verb

1. : to get advantage : profit

hoped to gain by the deal

2.

a. : increase

the day was gain ing in warmth

b. : to increase in weight

c. : to improve in health or ability

3. of a timepiece : to run fast

4. : to get closer to something pursued — usually used with on or upon

• gain·er noun

- gain ground

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.