Meaning of LOAD in English

LOAD

I. ˈlōd noun

Etymology: Middle English lod, from Old English lād support, carrying — more at lode

Date: 12th century

1.

a. : the quantity that can be carried at one time by a specified means ; especially : a measured quantity of a commodity fixed for each type of carrier — often used in combination

a boat load of tourists

b. : whatever is put on a person or pack animal to be carried : pack

c. : whatever is put in a ship or vehicle or airplane for conveyance : cargo ; especially : a quantity of material assembled or packed as a shipping unit

2.

a. : a mass or weight supported by something

branches bent low by their load of fruit

b. : the forces to which a structure is subjected due to superposed weight or to wind pressure on the vertical surfaces ; broadly : the forces to which a given object is subjected

3.

a. : something that weighs down the mind or spirits

took a load off her mind

b. : a burdensome or laborious responsibility

always carried his share of the load

4. slang : an intoxicating amount of liquor drunk

5. : a large quantity : lot — usually used in plural

6.

a. : a charge for a firearm

b. : the quantity of material loaded into a device at one time

7. : external resistance overcome by a machine or prime mover

8.

a. : power output (as of a power plant) or power consumption (as by a device)

b. : a device to which power is delivered

9.

a.

(1) : the amount of work that a person carries or is expected to carry

(2) : the amount of authorized work to be performed by a machine, a group, a department, or a factory

b. : the demand on the operating resources of a system (as a telephone exchange or a refrigerating apparatus)

10. slang : eyeful — used in the phrase get a load of

11. : the amount of a deleterious microorganism, parasite, growth, or substance present in a human or animal body

measure viral load in the blood

the worm load in rats

— called also burden

12. : an amount added (as to the price of a security or the net premium in insurance) to represent selling expense and profit to the distributor

13. : genetic load

II. verb

Date: 15th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to put a load in or on

load a truck

b. : to place in or on a means of conveyance

load freight

2.

a. : to encumber or oppress with something heavy, laborious, or disheartening : burden

a company load ed down with debts

b. : to place as a burden or obligation

load more work on him

3.

a. : to increase the weight of by adding something heavy

b. : to add a conditioning substance (as a mineral salt) to for body

c. : to weight or shape (dice) to fall unfairly

d. : to pack with one-sided or prejudicial influences : bias

e. : to charge with multiple meanings (as emotional associations or hidden implications)

f. : to weight (as a test) with factors influencing validity or outcome

4.

a. : to supply in abundance or excess : heap , pack

b. : to put runners on (first, second, and third bases) in baseball

5.

a. : to put a load or charge in (a device or piece of equipment)

load a gun

b. : to place or insert especially as a load in a device or piece of equipment

load film in a camera

c. : to copy or transfer (as a program or data) into a computer's memory especially from an external source (as a disk drive or the Internet)

6. : to alter (as an alcoholic drink) by adding an adulterant or drug

7.

a. : to add a load to (an insurance premium)

b. : to add a sum to after profits and expenses are accounted for

load ed prices

intransitive verb

1. : to receive a load

2. : to put a load on or in a carrier, device, or container ; especially : to insert the charge or cartridge in the chamber of a firearm

3. : to go or go in as a load

tourists load ing onto a bus

4. : to become loaded into a computer's memory

the program load s quickly

• load·er noun

- load up on

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.