Meaning of MOLD in English

MOLD

I. ˈmōld noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English molde; akin to Old High German molta soil, Latin molere to grind — more at meal

Date: before 12th century

1. : crumbling soft friable earth suited to plant growth : soil ; especially : soil rich in humus — compare leaf mold

2. dialect British

a. : the surface of the earth : ground

b. : the earth of the burying ground

3. archaic : earth that is the substance of the human body

be merciful great Duke to men of mold — Shakespeare

II. noun

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French molde, alteration of Old French modle, from Latin modulus, diminutive of modus measure — more at mete

Date: 13th century

1. : distinctive nature or character : type

2. : the frame on or around which an object is constructed

3.

a. : a cavity in which a substance is shaped: as

(1) : a matrix for casting metal

a bullet mold

(2) : a form in which food is given a decorative shape

b. : a molded object

4. : molding

5.

a. obsolete : an example to be followed

b. : prototype

c. : a fixed pattern : design

III. transitive verb

Date: 14th century

1. archaic : to knead (dough) into a desired consistency or shape

2. : to give shape to

the wind mold s the waves

3. : to form in a mold

mold candles

4. : to determine or influence the quality or nature of

mold public opinion

5. : to fit the contours of

fitted skirts that mold the hips

6. : to ornament with molding or carving

mold ed picture frames

• mold·able ˈmōl-də-bəl adjective

• mold·er noun

IV. noun

Etymology: Middle English mowlde, perhaps alteration of mowle, from moulen to grow moldy, of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Danish mul mold

Date: 14th century

1. : a superficial often woolly growth produced especially on damp or decaying organic matter or on living organisms by a fungus (as of the order Mucorales)

2. : a fungus that produces mold

V. intransitive verb

Date: 1530

: to become moldy

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.