Meaning of PUSH in English

PUSH

I. ˈpu̇sh verb

Etymology: Middle English possen, pusshen, probably from Old French pousser to exert pressure, from Latin pulsare, frequentative of pellere to drive, strike — more at felt

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1.

a. : to press against with force in order to drive or impel

b. : to move or endeavor to move away or ahead by steady pressure without striking

2.

a. : to thrust forward, downward, or outward

b. : to cause to increase : raise

push prices to record levels

c. : to try to move beyond or expand

push one's limits

d. : to hit (a ball) toward the right from a right-handed swing or toward the left from a left-handed swing — compare pull

3.

a. : to press or urge forward to completion

b. : to urge or press the advancement, adoption, or practice of

push ed a bill in the legislature

especially : to make aggressive efforts to sell

we're push ing ham this week

c. : to engage in the illicit sale of (narcotics)

4. : to bear hard upon so as to involve in difficulty

poverty push ed them to the breaking point

5. : to approach in age or number

grandmother must be push ing 75

intransitive verb

1. : to press against something with steady force in or as if in order to impel

2. : to press forward energetically against opposition

3. : to exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end

push ing for higher wages

- push one's luck

II. noun

Date: 1563

1. : a vigorous effort to attain an end : drive:

a. : a military assault or offensive

b. : an advance that overcomes obstacles

c. : a campaign to promote a product

2. : a time for action : emergency

3.

a. : an act of pushing : shove

b.

(1) : a physical force steadily applied in a direction away from the body exerting it

(2) : a nonphysical pressure : influence , urge

c. : vigorous enterprise or energy

4.

a. : an exertion of influence to promote another's interests

b. : stimulation to activity : impetus

- push comes to shove

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.