Meaning of TAKE in English

TAKE

I. ˈtāk verb

( took ˈtu̇k ; tak·en ˈtā-kən ; tak·ing )

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English tacan, from Old Norse taka; akin to Middle Dutch taken to take

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1. : to get into one's hands or into one's possession, power, or control: as

a. : to seize or capture physically

took them as prisoners

b. : to get possession of (as fish or game) by killing or capturing

c.

(1) : to move against (as an opponent's piece in chess) and remove from play

(2) : to win in a card game

able to take 12 tricks

d. : to acquire by eminent domain

2. : grasp , grip

take the ax by the handle

3.

a. : to catch or attack through the effect of a sudden force or influence

taken with a fit of laughing

taken ill

b. : to catch or come upon in a particular situation or action

was taken unawares

c. : to gain the approval or liking of : captivate , delight

was quite taken with her at their first meeting

4.

a. : to receive into one's body (as by swallowing, drinking, or inhaling)

take a pill

b. : to put oneself into (as sun, air, or water) for pleasure or physical benefit

c. : to partake of : eat

take s dinner about seven

5.

a. : to bring or receive into a relation or connection

take s just four students a year

it's time he took a wife

b. : to copulate with

6. : to transfer into one's own keeping:

a. : appropriate

someone took my hat

b. : to obtain or secure for use (as by lease, subscription, or purchase)

take a cottage for the summer

I'll take the red one

took an ad in the paper

7.

a. : assume

gods often took the likeness of a human being

when the college took its present form

b.

(1) : to enter into or undertake the duties of

take a job

take office

(2) : to move onto or into : move into position on

the home team took the field

take the witness stand

c.

(1) : to bind oneself by

take the oath of office

(2) : to make (a decision) especially with finality or authority

d. : to impose upon oneself

take the trouble to do good work

take pains to make her feel welcome

e.

(1) : to adopt as one's own

take a stand on the issue

take an interest

(2) : to align or ally oneself with

mother took his side

f. : to assume as if rightfully one's own or as if granted

take the credit

g. : to accept the burden or consequences of

took the blame

h. : to have or assume as a proper part of or accompaniment to itself

transitive verbs take an object

8.

a. : to secure by winning in competition

took first place

b. : defeat

9. : to pick out : choose , select

took the best apple

10. : to adopt, choose, or avail oneself of for use: as

a. : to have recourse to as an instrument for doing something

take a scythe to the weeds

b. : to use as a means of transportation or progression

take the bus

c. : to have recourse to for safety or refuge

take shelter

d. : to go along, into, or through

took a different route

e.

(1) : to proceed to occupy

take a seat in the rear

(2) : to use up (as space or time)

take s a long time to dry

(3) : need , require

take s a size nine shoe

it take s two to start a fight

11.

a. : to obtain by deriving from a source : draw

take s its title from the name of the hero

b.

(1) : to obtain as the result of a special procedure : ascertain

take the temperature

take a census

(2) : to get in or as if in writing

take notes

take an inventory

(3) : to get by drawing or painting or by photography

take a snapshot

(4) : to get by transference from one surface to another

take a proof

take fingerprints

12. : to receive or accept whether willingly or reluctantly

take a bribe

will you take this call

take a bet

as

a.

(1) : to submit to : endure

take a cut in pay

(2) : withstand

it will take a lot of punishment

(3) : suffer

took a direct hit

b.

(1) : to accept as true : believe

I'll take your word for it

(2) : follow

take my advice

(3) : to accept or regard with the mind in a specified way

took the news hard

you take yourself too seriously

c. : to indulge in and enjoy

was taking his ease on the porch

d. : to receive or accept as a return (as in payment, compensation, or reparation)

we don't take credit cards

e. : to accept in a usually professional relationship — often used with on

agreed to take him on as a client

f. : to refrain from hitting at (a pitched ball)

take a strike

13.

a.

(1) : to let in : admit

the boat was taking water fast

(2) : accommodate

the suitcase wouldn't take another thing

b. : to be affected injuriously by (as a disease) : contract

take cold

also : to be seized by

take a fit

take fright

c. : to absorb or become impregnated with (as dye) ; also : to be effectively treated by

a surface that take s a fine polish

14.

a. : apprehend , understand

how should I take your remark

b. : consider , suppose

I take it you're not going

c. : reckon , accept

taking a stride at 30 inches

d. : feel , experience

take pleasure

take an instant dislike to someone

take offense

15.

a. : to lead, carry, or cause to go along to another place

this bus will take you into town

took an umbrella with her

b. : to cause to move to a specified state, condition, or sphere of activity

took the company public

took his team to the finals

c. : to stop prescribing a specified regimen to — used with off

took him off the medication

16.

a. : remove

take eggs from a nest

b.

(1) : to put an end to (life)

(2) : to remove by death

was taken in his prime

c. : subtract

take two from four

d. : exact

the weather took its toll

17.

a. : to undertake and make, do, or perform

take a walk

take aim

take legal action

take a test

take a look

b. : to participate in

take a meeting

18.

a. : to deal with

take first things first

b. : to consider or view in a particular relation

taken together, the details were significant

especially : to consider as an example

take style, for instance

c.

(1) : to apply oneself to the study of

take music lessons

take French

(2) : to study for especially successfully

taking a degree in engineering

took holy orders

19. : to obtain money from especially fraudulently

took me for all I had

20. : to pass or attempt to pass through, along, or over

took the curve too fast

take the stairs two at a time

intransitive verb

1. : to obtain possession: as

a. : capture

b. : to receive property under law as one's own

2. : to lay hold : catch , hold

3. : to establish a take especially by uniting or growing

90 percent of the grafts take

4.

a. : to betake oneself : set out : go

take after a purse snatcher

b. chiefly dialect — used as an intensifier or redundantly with a following verb

took and swung at the ball

5.

a. : to take effect : act , operate

hoped the lesson he taught would take

b. : to show the natural or intended effect

dry fuel take s readily

6. : charm , captivate

a taking smile

7. : detract

8. : to be seized or attacked in a specified way : become

took sick

• tak·er noun

- take a back seat

- take a bath

- take account of

- take advantage of

- take after

- take a hike

- take aim at

- take apart

- take a powder

- take care

- take care of

- take charge

- take effect

- take exception

- take five

- take for

- take for a ride

- take for granted

- take heart

- take hold

- take into account

- take in vain

- take issue

- take it on the chin

- take kindly to

- take no prisoners

- take notice of

- take one's time

- take part

- take place

- take root

- take shape

- take ship

- take the cake

- take the count

- take the floor

- take the mickey

- take the mickey out of

- take the plunge

- take to

- take to court

- take to task

- take to the cleaners

- take turns

Synonyms:

take , seize , grasp , clutch , snatch , grab mean to get hold of by or as if by catching up with the hand. take is a general term applicable to any manner of getting something into one's possession or control

take some salad from the bowl

seize implies a sudden and forcible movement in getting hold of something tangible or an apprehending of something fleeting or elusive when intangible

seized the suspect

grasp stresses a laying hold so as to have firmly in possession

grasp the handle and pull

clutch suggests avidity or anxiety in seizing or grasping and may imply less success in holding

clutching her purse

snatch suggests more suddenness or quickness but less force than seize

snatched a doughnut and ran

grab implies more roughness or rudeness than snatch

grabbed roughly by the arm

II. noun

Date: 1654

1. : something that is taken:

a. : the amount of money received : proceeds , receipts, income

b. : share , cut

wanted a bigger take

c. : the number or quantity (as of animals, fish, or pelts) taken at one time : catch , haul

d. : a section or installment done as a unit or at one time

e.

(1) : a scene filmed or televised at one time without stopping the camera

(2) : a sound recording made during a single recording period ; especially : a trial recording

2. : an act or the action of taking: as

a. : the action of killing, capturing, or catching (as game or fish)

b.

(1) : the uninterrupted photographing or televising of a scene

(2) : the making of a sound recording

3.

a. : a local or systemic reaction indicative of successful vaccination (as against smallpox)

b. : a successful union (as of a graft)

4. : a visible response or reaction (as to something unexpected)

a delayed take

5. : a distinct or personal point of view, outlook, or assessment

was asked for her take on recent developments

also : a distinct treatment or variation

a new take on an old style

- on the take

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.