Meaning of CRITICALITY in English
A term used in reactor physics to describe the state when the number of neutrons released by fission is exactly balanced by the neutrons being absorbed (by the fuel and poisons) and escaping the reactor core. A reactor is said to be "critical" when it achieves a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction, as when the reactor is operating.
NRC Nuclear Energy English Glossary. Английский глоссарий ядерной энергии NRC (Национальный научно исследовательский совет). 2012