Meaning of DAMAGE in English

DAMAGE

I.

noun

1 harm/injury

ADJECTIVE

▪ considerable , enormous , great , heavy , massive , serious , severe , significant , substantial , untold

The power plant will cause untold ~ to the local environment.

▪ minimal , minor , slight

▪ extensive , widespread

▪ irreparable , irreversible , lasting , long-term , permanent

The incident did permanent ~ to relations between the two countries.

▪ potential

▪ criminal , malicious , wilful (all BrE , law )

He was prosecuted for criminal ~ to a vehicle.

▪ accidental

The insurance policy covers the building for accidental ~.

▪ emotional , environmental , mechanical , physical , psychological , structural

▪ brain , liver , nerve , etc.

She suffered serious brain ~ at birth.

▪ property

▪ collateral

VERB + DAMAGE

▪ cause , do , inflict

The earthquake caused widespread ~ to property.

They inflicted severe psychological ~ on their opponents.

▪ suffer , sustain

▪ repair

▪ pay for

▪ assess

▪ avoid , prevent

▪ limit , minimize , reduce

DAMAGE + VERB

▪ occur , result

DAMAGE + NOUN

▪ assessment , report

▪ control , limitation ( esp. BrE )

Serious ~ control was needed after the information was leaked to the papers.

The attempt at stopping the floods turned into a damage-limitation exercise.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ by

The building suffered extensive ~ by fire in 1925.

▪ ~ from

Crops are sprayed with chemicals to prevent ~ from insects.

▪ ~ to

lasting ~ to the environment

PHRASES

▪ the cost of the ~

The cost of the ~ is estimated at around $2 billion.

▪ the ~ is done

Don't try to apologize—the ~ is done.

▪ the extent of the ~

At the moment it is difficult to assess the extent of the ~.

2 damages money you can claim from sb

ADJECTIVE

▪ civil

▪ substantial

▪ punitive

VERB + DAMAGES

▪ incur , suffer

~s incurred by the unfairly sacked workers

▪ claim , seek , sue (sb) for

He decided to sue the company for ~s.

▪ assess

The court will assess the ~s.

▪ award (sb)

▪ pay (sb)

▪ obtain , receive , recover , win

▪ be liable for , be liable in ( BrE ) ( both law )

If goods are lost in transit, the carrier will be liable for ~s.

DAMAGES + NOUN

▪ action ( BrE ), claim

A woman is to bring a civil ~s claim against the two men.

▪ award

PREPOSITION

▪ in ~

They are claiming $5 million in ~s.

▪ ~ for

He received ~s for personal injury.

▪ ~ of

She was awarded ~s of £90 000.

PHRASES

▪ an action for ~s ( BrE ), a claim for ~s

The judge upheld her claim for ~s against her former employer.

II.

verb

ADVERB

▪ badly , heavily , seriously , severely

The building was badly ~d by fire.

▪ slightly

▪ irreparably , permanently

She may have ~d her health irreparably.

Damage is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑ blast , ↑ fire , ↑ hurricane , ↑ ray , ↑ tornado , ↑ typhoon , ↑ vandal

Damage is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ artery , ↑ blood vessel , ↑ building , ↑ confidence , ↑ credibility , ↑ crop , ↑ ecology , ↑ economy , ↑ ego , ↑ environment , ↑ habitat , ↑ health , ↑ industry , ↑ lung , ↑ morale , ↑ muscle , ↑ name , ↑ nerve , ↑ organ , ↑ prestige , ↑ property , ↑ prospect , ↑ relation , ↑ reputation , ↑ ship , ↑ skin , ↑ spine , ↑ standing , ↑ tissue , ↑ trade , ↑ wildlife , ↑ wing

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .