Meaning of INSTRUMENT in English

INSTRUMENT

noun

1 tool for a particular task

ADJECTIVE

▪ precision , sensitive

▪ sophisticated

▪ reliable

▪ crude

▪ blunt

The autopsy revealed that the deceased had been hit with a blunt ~.

Even though it was a somewhat blunt ~ (= not very precise) , our questionnaire provided us with some interesting ideas.

▪ sharp

▪ small

▪ delicate

▪ appropriate

▪ drawing , measuring , writing

▪ astronomical , mathematical , medical , navigation , navigational , optical , scientific , surgical

▪ cockpit , flight

… OF INSTRUMENTS

▪ set

a set of mathematical ~s

VERB + INSTRUMENT

▪ use

All students should learn to use drawing ~s.

▪ check , read

to read the ~s and make a note of the wind speed and direction

▪ design , develop , devise , invent

▪ build , make

All the ~s are made from glass capillary tubing.

INSTRUMENT + VERB

▪ measure sth

an ~ that measures light intensity

INSTRUMENT + NOUN

▪ check

The pilot did his ~ checks in preparation for take-off.

▪ maker

▪ panel

There was a warning light flashing on the ~ panel.

PHRASES

▪ an ~ of torture

medieval ~s of torture such as the rack and the wheel

2 for playing music

ADJECTIVE

▪ musical

▪ beautiful , fine

▪ classical

▪ modern

▪ traditional

▪ period

baroque music played on period ~s

▪ solo

▪ orchestral

▪ brass , keyboard , percussion , string , stringed , wind , woodwind

▪ acoustic , electric , electronic

VERB + INSTRUMENT

▪ play

She plays three musical ~s.

▪ learn , learn to play

▪ tune

▪ make

an ~ made by a violin maker in Canada

INSTRUMENT + VERB

▪ sound

The ~ sounds like a cello.

INSTRUMENT + NOUN

▪ maker

PREPOSITION

▪ on an/the ~

The piece can be played on a keyboard ~.

3 sb/sth used to make sth happen

ADJECTIVE

▪ chief , key , main , major , primary , principal

▪ good , great

Internet polls are considered to be better ~s than telephone polls.

▪ ideal

▪ important , valuable

▪ powerful

▪ useful

▪ effective

More effective ~s of oversight are needed.

▪ flexible

▪ mere

Some cynics say that popular music is a mere ~ of capitalist domination.

▪ chosen

The despot claimed to be the chosen ~ of divine providence.

▪ political

▪ financial , legal

VERB + INSTRUMENT

▪ regard sb/sth as , see sb/sth as , view sb/sth as

They saw criminal law as an ~ for improving public morals.

▪ use sb/sth as

▪ make sb/sth

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ for

Criminal law is not the best ~ for dealing with family matters.

▪ ~ of

the use of language as an ~ of power and social control

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .