Meaning of REFERENCE in English

REFERENCE

I.

noun

1 mentioning sb/sth

ADJECTIVE

▪ extensive

▪ brief , casual , passing

▪ occasional

▪ frequent , repeated

▪ constant

▪ further

They could find no further ~ to Mr LaMotte in the records.

▪ general

▪ particular , special , specific

She won a grant to study political science with special ~ to China.

▪ direct , explicit , express ( law , esp. BrE ), overt

▪ cryptic , indirect , oblique , obscure , subtle , vague , veiled

▪ clear , obvious

▪ ambiguous

▪ early

one of the earliest ~s to the game of chess

▪ biblical , cultural , historical , literary , religious

▪ written

VERB + REFERENCE

▪ contain , have , include

Her diary contains no ~ to the alleged appointment.

▪ drop , make

He dropped casual ~s to the legacy of his great work.

The article makes no ~ to his first marriage.

▪ delete , drop , omit , remove

The new constitution dropped all ~ to previous wars.

▪ avoid

▪ find

▪ get , understand

The audience didn't get the ~s to colonialism.

PREPOSITION

▪ in a/the ~

In an obvious ~ to the president, he talked of corruption in high places.

▪ in ~ to , with ~ to (in letters)

I am writing with ~ to your job application.

▪ ~ to

The summary should be comprehensible without ~ back to the source work.

The book is filled with ~s to God.

2 consulting sb/sth for advice/help/information

ADJECTIVE

▪ easy , quick

The book is organized alphabetically for easy ~.

▪ further , future

PREPOSITION

▪ by ~ to

Our charges are calculated by ~ to an hourly rate.

▪ for ~

Retain a copy of the form for future ~.

▪ without ~ to

The decision was made without ~ to local managers.

PHRASES

▪ for sb's own ~ , for sb's personal ~

I made a copy of your work, just for my own ~.

▪ for ~ purposes

She needs the book for ~ purposes.

▪ a source of ~

The book is an invaluable source of ~ for the art historian.

3 book containing facts/information

ADJECTIVE

▪ general

The book is by far the best general ~ on natural history.

▪ comprehensive

▪ essential

▪ handy , useful

▪ excellent , good

▪ standard

▪ online

an online ~ tool

REFERENCE + NOUN

▪ book , guide , manual , material , source , text , work

▪ tool

▪ library

▪ section

You'll find the information in the ~ section of your local library.

▪ desk (= in a library) ( esp. AmE )

▪ librarian ( esp. AmE )

4 number/note/symbol

ADJECTIVE

▪ copious

▪ full

For full ~s of all books cited, see Appendix B.

▪ appropriate

Please quote the appropriate ~ in your letter.

▪ bibliographic , bibliographical

▪ page

▪ grid , map

VERB + REFERENCE

▪ quote

▪ cite , give

References to original sources are given at the end of each chapter.

▪ check

REFERENCE + NOUN

▪ number

PREPOSITION

▪ in a/the ~

The date of publication should be included in the ~.

▪ ~ to

a ~ to page 17

PHRASES

▪ a list of ~s

5 letter about your character/abilities

ADJECTIVE

▪ glowing , good

▪ bad

▪ character

VERB + REFERENCE

▪ ask for

▪ need

▪ give (sb) , provide (sb with) , write (sb)

▪ follow up , take up ( BrE )

They've taken up my ~s (= contacted the people who provided them) , so they must be interested in me.

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ from

a ~ from your current employer

PHRASES

▪ a letter of ~

6 ( esp. AmE ) recommends sb for a job ⇨ See also ↑ referee

VERB + REFERENCE

▪ act as , be

▪ contact

PREPOSITION

▪ ~ for

His former employer agreed to act as a ~ for him.

7 standards by which sth is judged

REFERENCE + NOUN

▪ point

▪ group

Gene frequencies were calculated then compared with the Finnish population as a ~ group.

▪ sample ( science )

PHRASES

▪ a frame of ~

People interpret events within their own frame of ~.

▪ a point of ~

Unemployment serves as a useful point of ~ in examining social problems.

▪ terms of ~ ( esp. BrE )

The matter was outside the committee's terms of ~.

II.

verb

Reference is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ article

Oxford Collocations English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь словосочетаний .