Meaning of ABANDON in English

ABANDON

/ əˈbændən; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb [ vn ]

1.

abandon sb (to sth) to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for, with no intention of returning :

The baby had been abandoned by its mother.

The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers.

2.

abandon sth (to sb/sth) to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay

SYN leave :

Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.

They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces.

He gave the order to abandon ship (= to leave the ship because it was sinking) .

3.

to stop supporting or helping sb; to stop believing in sth :

The country abandoned its political leaders after the war.

By 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles.

4.

to stop doing sth, especially before it is finished; to stop having sth :

They abandoned the match because of rain.

She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.

5.

abandon yourself to sth ( literary ) to feel an emotion so strongly that you can feel nothing else :

He abandoned himself to despair.

■ noun

[ U ] ( formal ) an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think :

He signed cheques with careless abandon.

IDIOMS

see gay adjective

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WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : from Old French abandoner , from a- (from Latin ad to, at) + bandon control (related to ban ). The original sense was bring under control , later give in to the control of, surrender to (sense 5).

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.