Meaning of COVER in English

COVER

/ ˈkʌvə(r); NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

HIDE / PROTECT

1.

[ vn ] cover sth (with sth) to place sth over or in front of sth in order to hide or protect it :

Cover the chicken loosely with foil.

She covered her face with her hands.

( figurative )

He laughed to cover (= hide) his nervousness.

➡ note at hide

SPREAD OVER SURFACE

2.

[ vn ] to lie or spread over the surface of sth :

Snow covered the ground.

Much of the country is covered by forest.

3.

[ vn ] cover sb/sth in / with sth to put or spread a layer of liquid, dust, etc. on sb/sth :

The players were soon covered in mud.

The wind blew in from the desert and covered everything with sand.

INCLUDE

4.

[ vn ] to include sth; to deal with sth :

The survey covers all aspects of the business.

The lectures covered a lot of ground (= a lot of material, subjects, etc.) .

the sales team covering the northern part of the country (= selling to people in that area)

Do the rules cover (= do they apply to) a case like this?

MONEY

5.

[ vn ] to be or provide enough money for sth :

$100 should cover your expenses.

Your parents will have to cover your tuition fees.

The show barely covered its costs .

DISTANCE / AREA

6.

[ vn ] to travel the distance mentioned :

By sunset we had covered thirty miles.

They walked for a long time and covered a good deal of ground .

7.

[ vn ] to spread over the area mentioned :

The reserve covers an area of some 1 140 square kilometres.

REPORT NEWS

8.

[ vn ] to report on an event for television, a newspaper, etc.; to show an event on television :

She's covering the party's annual conference.

The BBC will cover all the major games of the tournament.

FOR SB

9.

[ v ] cover for sb to do sb's work or duties while they are away :

I'm covering for Jane while she's on leave.

10.

[ v ] cover for sb to invent a lie or an excuse that will stop sb from getting into trouble :

I have to go out for a minute—will you cover for me if anyone asks where I am?

WITH INSURANCE

11.

cover sb/sth (against / for sth) to protect sb against loss, injury, etc. by insurance :

[ vn ]

Are you fully covered for fire and theft?

[ vn to inf ]

Does this policy cover my husband to drive?

AGAINST BLAME

12.

[ vn ] cover yourself (against sth) to take action in order to protect yourself against being blamed for sth :

One reason doctors take temperatures is to cover themselves against negligence claims.

WITH GUN

13.

[ vn ] to protect sb by threatening to shoot at anyone who tries to attack them :

Cover me while I move forward.

14.

[ vn ] to aim a gun at a place or person so that nobody can escape or shoot :

The police covered the exits to the building.

Don't move—we've got you covered !

SONG

15.

[ vn ] to record a new version of a song that was originally recorded by another band or singer :

They've covered an old Rolling Stones number.

IDIOMS

- cover all the bases

- cover your back

- cover your tracks

—more at multitude

PHRASAL VERBS

- cover sth in

- cover sth over

- cover up | cover yourself up

- cover sth up

■ noun

PROTECTION / SHELTER

1.

[ C ] a thing that is put over or on another thing, usually to protect it or to decorate it :

a cushion cover

a plastic waterproof cover for the stroller

—picture at Petri dish

—see also dust cover , loose cover

2.

[ U ] a place that provides shelter from bad weather or protection from an attack :

Everyone ran for cover when it started to rain.

The climbers took cover from the storm in a cave.

After the explosion the street was full of people running for cover .

OF BOOK

3.

[ C ] the outside of a book or a magazine :

the front / back cover

Her face was on the cover (= the front cover) of every magazine.

He always reads the paper from cover to cover (= everything in it) .

INSURANCE

4.

( BrE ) ( NAmE cov·er·age ) [ U ] cover (against sth) protection that an insurance company provides by promising to pay you money if a particular event happens :

accident cover

cover against accidental damage

WITH WEAPONS

5.

[ U ] support and protection that is provided when sb is attacking or in danger of being attacked :

The ships needed air cover (= protection by military planes) once they reached enemy waters.

TREES / PLANTS

6.

[ U ] trees and plants that grow on an area of land :

The total forest cover of the earth is decreasing.

CLOUD / SNOW

7.

[ U ] the fact of the sky being covered with cloud or the ground with snow :

Fog and low cloud cover are expected this afternoon.

In this area there is snow cover for six months of the year.

ON BED

8.

the covers [ pl. ] the sheets, blankets , etc. on a bed :

She threw back the covers and leapt out of bed.

SONG

9.

[ C ] = cover version

HIDING STH

10.

[ C , usually sing. ] cover (for sth) activities or behaviour that seem honest or true but that hide sb's real identity or feelings, or that hide sth illegal :

His work as a civil servant was a cover for his activities as a spy.

Her over-confident attitude was a cover for her nervousness.

It would only take one phone call to blow their cover (= make known their true identities and what they were really doing) .

FOR SB'S WORK

11.

[ U ] the fact of sb doing another person's job when they are away or when there are not enough staff :

It's the manager's job to organize cover for staff who are absent.

Ambulance drivers provided only emergency cover during the dispute.

IDIOMS

- break cover

- under cover

- under (the) cover of sth

- under separate cover

—more at judge verb

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Old French covrir , from Latin cooperire , from co- (expressing intensive force) + operire to cover. The noun is partly a variant of covert .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.