Meaning of CRACK in English

CRACK

/ kræk; NAmE / verb , noun , adjective

■ verb

BREAK

1.

to break without dividing into separate parts; to break sth in this way :

[ v ]

The ice cracked as I stepped onto it.

[ vn ]

He has cracked a bone in his arm.

Her lips were dry and cracked.

2.

to break open or into pieces; to break sth in this way :

[ v + adv. / prep. ]

A chunk of the cliff had cracked off in a storm.

( figurative )

His face cracked into a smile.

[ vn ]

to crack a nut

She cracked an egg into the pan.

HIT

3.

[ vn ] crack sth/sb (on / against sth) to hit sth/sb with a short hard blow :

I cracked my head on the low ceiling.

He cracked me on the head with a ruler.

MAKE SOUND

4.

to make a sharp sound; to make sth do this :

[ v ]

A shot cracked across the ridge.

[ vn ] [ no passive ]

He cracked his whip and galloped away.

OF VOICE

5.

[ v ] if your voice cracks , it changes in depth, volume, etc. suddenly and in a way that you cannot control :

In a voice cracking with emotion, he told us of his son's death.

UNDER PRESSURE

6.

[ v ] to no longer be able to function normally because of pressure :

Things are terrible at work and people are cracking under the strain.

They questioned him for days before he cracked.

The old institutions are cracking.

FIND SOLUTION

7.

[ vn ] to find the solution to a problem, etc.; to find the way to do sth difficult :

to crack the enemy's code

( informal )

After a year in this job I think I've got it cracked !

STOP SB / STH

8.

[ vn ] to find a way of stopping or defeating a criminal or an enemy :

Police have cracked a major drugs ring.

OPEN BOTTLE

9.

[ vn ] crack (open) a bottle ( informal ) to open a bottle, especially of wine, and drink it

A JOKE

10.

[ vn ] crack a joke ( informal ) to tell a joke

IDIOMS

- get cracking

- not all, everything, etc. sb's cracked up to be

- crack the whip

—more at sledgehammer

PHRASAL VERBS

- crack down (on sb/sth)

- crack on (with sth)

- crack up

- crack sb up

■ noun

BREAK

1.

[ C ] crack (in sth) a line on the surface of sth where it has broken but not split into separate parts :

This cup has a crack in it.

Cracks began to appear in the walls.

( figurative )

The cracks (= faults) in the government's economic policy are already beginning to show.

NARROW OPENING

2.

[ C ] a narrow space or opening :

She peeped through the crack in the curtains.

The door opened a crack (= a small amount) .

SOUND

3.

[ C ] a sudden loud noise :

a crack of thunder

the sharp crack of a rifle shot

HIT

4.

[ C ] crack (on sth) a sharp blow that can be heard :

She fell over and got a nasty crack on the head.

ATTEMPT

5.

[ C ] crack (at sth) | crack (at doing sth) ( informal ) an occasion when you try to do sth

SYN attempt :

She hopes to have another crack at the world record this year.

DRUG

6.

(also ˌcrack coˈcaine ) [ U ] a powerful, illegal drug that is a form of cocaine :

a crack addict

JOKE

7.

[ C ] ( informal ) a joke, especially a critical one :

He made a very unfair crack about her looks.

CONVERSATION

8.

(also craic ) [ U , sing. ] ( IrishE , informal ) a good time; friendly, enjoyable talk :

Where's the crack tonight?

He's a person who enjoys a drink and a bit of crack.

IDIOMS

- at the crack of dawn

—more at fair adjective

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] expert and highly trained; excellent at sth :

crack troops

He's a crack shot (= accurate and skilled at shooting) .

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English cracian make an explosive noise ; of Germanic origin; related to Dutch kraken and German krachen . Sense 8 of the noun is from Irish craic entertaining conversation.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.