Meaning of DROP in English

DROP

/ drɒp; NAmE drɑːp/ verb , noun

■ verb

( -pp- )

FALL

1.

to fall or allow sth to fall by accident :

[ v ]

The climber slipped and dropped to his death.

[ vn ]

Be careful not to drop that plate.

2.

to fall or make sth fall deliberately :

[ v + adv. / prep. ]

He staggered in and dropped into a chair.

[ vn ]

Medical supplies are being dropped into the stricken area.

( BrE )

He dropped his trousers (= undid them and let them fall) .

( NAmE )

He dropped his pants.

3.

[ v ] to fall down or be no longer able to stand because you are extremely tired :

I feel ready to drop .

She expects everyone to work till they drop.

BECOME WEAKER / LESS

4.

to become or make sth weaker, lower or less

SYN fall :

[ v ]

The temperature has dropped considerably.

At last the wind dropped.

His voice dropped to a whisper.

The Dutch team have dropped to fifth place.

The price of shares dropped by 14p.

Shares dropped in price by 14p.

[ vn ]

She dropped her voice dramatically.

You must drop your speed in built-up areas.

EYES

5.

drop your eyes / gaze | your eyes / gaze ~ ( formal ) to look down :

[ v ]

Her eyes dropped to her lap.

[also vn ]

SLOPE DOWNWARDS

6.

[ v ] drop (away) (from sth) to slope steeply downwards :

In front of them the valley dropped sharply away from the road.

DELIVER / SEND

7.

[ vn ] drop sb/sth (off) to stop so that sb can get out of a car, etc.; to deliver sth on the way to somewhere else :

Can you drop me near the bank?

You left your jacket, but I can drop it off on my way to work tomorrow.

8.

[ vnn ] drop sb a line / note to send a short letter to sb :

Drop me a line when you get there.

LEAVE OUT

9.

[ vn ] drop sb/sth (from sth) to leave sb/sth out by accident or deliberately :

She's been dropped from the team because of injury.

He spoke with a cockney accent and dropped his aitches (= did not pronounce the letter 'h' at the start of words) .

FRIENDS

10.

[ vn ] to stop seeing sb socially :

She's dropped most of her old friends.

STOP

11.

[ vn ] to stop doing or discussing sth; to not continue with sth :

I dropped German (= stopped studying it) when I was 14.

Drop everything and come at once!

Look, can we just drop it (= stop talking about it) ?

I think we'd better drop the subject .

Let's drop the formalities—please call me Mike.

The police decided to drop the charges against her.

HINT

12.

[ vn ] drop a hint to say or do sth in order to show sb, in an indirect way, what you are thinking

IN KNITTING

13.

[ vn ] drop a stitch to let a stitch go off the needle

IDIOMS

- drop the ball

- drop a brick / clanger

- drop dead

- drop sb in it

- drop names

- drop your bundle

- let sb/sth drop

—more at bottom noun , fly noun , hear , jaw noun , lap noun , penny

PHRASAL VERBS

- drop away

- drop back / behind | drop behind sb

- drop by / in / round | drop in on sb | drop into sth

- drop off

- drop out (of sth)

■ noun

OF LIQUID

1.

[ C ] a very small amount of liquid that forms a round shape :

drops of rain

a drop of blood

—see also raindrop , teardrop

2.

[ C , usually sing. ] a small quantity of a liquid :

Could I have a drop more milk in my coffee, please?

I haven't touched a drop (= drunk any alcohol) all evening.

FALL

3.

[ C , usually sing. ] drop (in sth) a fall or reduction in the amount, level or number of sth :

a drop in prices / temperature, etc.

a dramatic / sharp drop in profits

a five per cent drop

DISTANCE

4.

[ sing. ] a distance down from a high point to a lower point :

There was a sheer drop of fifty metres to the rocks below.

a twenty-foot drop

MEDICINE

5.

drops [ pl. ] a liquid medicine that you put one drop at a time into your eyes, ears or nose :

eye drops

DELIVERING

6.

[ C ] the act of delivering sb/sth in a vehicle or by plane; the act of dropping sth :

Aid agencies are organizing food drops to civilians in the war zone.

a parachute drop

SWEET / CANDY

7.

[ C ] a small round sweet / candy of the type mentioned :

fruit drops

cough drops (= sweets / candy to help a cough)

IDIOMS

- at the drop of a hat

- a drop in the ocean

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English dropa (noun), droppian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to German Tropfen a drop, tropfen to drip, also to drip and droop .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.