Meaning of ELECTRIC in English

ELECTRIC

/ ɪˈlektrɪk; NAmE / adjective , noun

■ adjective

1.

[ usually before noun ] connected with electricity; using, produced by or producing electricity :

an electric motor

an electric light / guitar, etc.

an electric current / charge

an electric generator

an electric plug / socket / switch (= that carries electricity)

—see also electric shock , electrical storm

2.

full of excitement; making people excited

SYN electrifying :

The atmosphere was electric.

■ noun

[ U ] ( informal ) used to refer to the supply of electricity to a building :

The electric will be off tomorrow.

I've paid the electric (= the bill for the supply of electricity) .

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SYNONYMS

electric / electrical

These adjectives are frequently used with the following nouns:

| electric ~ | electrical ~ |

| light | equipment |

| guitar | wiring |

| drill | signal |

| chair | engineer |

| shock | shock |

Electric is usually used to describe something that uses or produces electricity. You use electrical with more general nouns such as equipment and wiring and things that are concerned with electricity:

an electrical fault

. However, the distinction is not always so clear now:

an electric / electrical company

an electric / electrical current

an electric / electrical shock

.

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WORD ORIGIN

mid 17th cent.: from modern Latin electricus , from Latin electrum amber, from Greek ēlektron (because rubbing amber causes electrostatic phenomena).

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.