Meaning of ENGINEER in English

ENGINEER

/ ˌendʒɪˈnɪə(r); NAmE -ˈnɪr/ noun , verb

■ noun

1.

a person whose job involves designing and building engines, machines, roads, bridges, etc.

—see also chemical engineer , civil engineer , electrical engineer , lighting engineer , mechanical engineer , software engineer , sound engineer

2.

a person who is trained to repair machines and electrical equipment :

They're sending an engineer to fix the phone.

3.

a person whose job is to control and repair engines, especially on a ship or an aircraft :

a flight engineer

the chief engineer on a cruise liner

4.

( NAmE ) = engine driver

5.

a soldier trained to design and build military structures

■ verb [ vn ]

1.

(often disapproving ) to arrange for sth to happen or take place, especially when this is done secretly in order to give yourself an advantage

SYN contrive :

She engineered a further meeting with him.

2.

[ usually passive ] to design and build sth :

The car is beautifully engineered and a pleasure to drive.

3.

to change the genetic structure of sth

SYN genetically modify :

genetically engineered crops

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English (denoting a designer and constructor of fortifications and weapons; formerly also as ingineer ): in early use from Old French engigneor , from medieval Latin ingeniator , from ingeniare contrive, devise, from Latin ingenium talent, device, from in- in + gignere beget; in later use from French ingénieur or Italian ingegnere , also based on Latin ingenium , with the ending influenced by -eer .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.