Meaning of EXPERIMENT in English

EXPERIMENT

/ ɪkˈsperɪmənt; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun [ C , U ]

1.

a scientific test that is done in order to study what happens and to gain new knowledge :

to do / perform / conduct an experiment

proved by experiment

laboratory experiments

Many people do not like the idea of experiments on animals.

2.

experiment (in sth) a new activity, idea or method that you try out to see what happens or what effect it has :

the country's brief experiment in democracy

I've never cooked this before so it's an experiment.

■ verb [ v ] experiment (on sb/sth) | experiment (with sth)

1.

to do a scientific experiment or experiments :

Some people feel that experimenting on animals is wrong.

2.

to try or test new ideas, methods, etc. to find out what effect they have :

He wanted to experiment more with different textures in his paintings.

I experimented until I got the recipe just right.

►  ex·peri·ment·er noun

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Old French , or from Latin experimentum , from experiri try. Compare with experience and expert .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.