Meaning of FACTORY in English

FACTORY

/ ˈfæktri; NAmE ; -təri/ noun

( pl. -ies ) a building or group of buildings where goods are made :

a car factory

factory workers

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SYNONYMS

factory

plant ♦ mill ♦ works ♦ yard ♦ workshop ♦ foundry

These are all words for buildings or places where things are made or where industrial processes take place.

factory

a building or group of buildings where goods are made:

a chocolate / cigarette / clothing factory

plant

a factory or place where power is produced or an industrial process takes place:

a nuclear power plant

a manufacturing plant

mill

a factory that produces a particular type of material:

a cotton / paper / textile / woollen mill

works

(often in compounds) a place where things are made or an industrial process takes place:

a brickworks

a steelworks

Raw materials were carried to the works by barge.

yard

(usually in compounds) an area of land used for building sth:

a shipyard

workshop

a room or building in which things are made or repaired using tools or machinery:

a car repair workshop

foundry

a factory where metal or glass is melted and made into different shapes or objects:

an iron foundry

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

a car / chemical / munitions factory / plant

an engineering plant / works

factory / mill / foundry owners / managers / workers

to manage / run a factory / plant / mill / works / yard / workshop / foundry

to work in / at a factory / plant / mill / yard / workshop / foundry

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WORD ORIGIN

late 16th cent. (originally referring to a place where traders did business in a foreign country): via Portuguese feitoria . The current sense is based on late Latin factorium , literally oil press.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.