Meaning of INDEPENDENT in English

INDEPENDENT

/ ˌɪndɪˈpendənt; NAmE / adjective , noun

■ adjective

COUNTRY

1.

independent (from / of sth) ( of countries ) having their own government

SYN self-governing :

Mozambique became independent in 1975.

SEPARATE

2.

done or given by sb who is not involved in a situation and so is able to judge it fairly :

an independent inquiry / witness

She went to a lawyer for some independent advice .

3.

independent (of sb/sth) not connected with or influenced by sth; not connected with each other :

The police force should be independent of direct government control.

Two independent research bodies reached the same conclusions.

ORGANIZATION

4.

supported by private money rather than government money :

independent television / schools

the independent sector

PERSON

5.

independent (of sb/sth) confident and free to do things without needing help from other people :

Going away to college has made me much more independent.

She's a very independent-minded young woman.

Students should aim to become more independent of their teachers.

OPP dependent

6.

independent (of sb/sth) having or earning enough money so that you do not have to rely on sb else for help :

It was important to me to be financially independent of my parents.

a man of independent means (= with an income that he does not earn by working)

OPP dependent

POLITICIAN

7.

not representing or belonging to a particular political party :

an independent candidate

►  in·de·pend·ent·ly adverb independently (of sb/sth) :

The two departments work independently of each other.

It was the first time that she had lived independently.

■ noun

( abbr. Ind. ) a member of parliament, candidate, etc. who does not belong to a particular political party

••

WORD ORIGIN

early 17th cent. (as an adjective): partly on the pattern of French indépendant .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.