Meaning of IRON in English

IRON

/ ˈaɪən; NAmE ˈaɪərn/ noun , verb , adjective

■ noun

METAL

1.

[ U ] ( symb Fe ) a chemical element. Iron is a hard strong metal that is used to make steel and is also found in small quantities in blood and food :

cast / wrought / corrugated iron

iron gates / bars / railings

an iron and steel works

iron ore (= rock containing iron)

patients with iron deficiency (= not enough iron in their blood)

iron tablets (= containing iron prepared as a medicine)

( figurative )

She had a will of iron (= it was very strong) .

TOOL

2.

[ C ] a tool with a flat metal base that can be heated and used to make clothes smooth :

a steam iron

3.

[ C ] (usually in compounds) a tool made of iron or another metal

—see also branding iron , soldering iron , tire iron

FOR PRISONERS

4.

irons [ pl. ] chains or other heavy objects made of iron, attached to the arms and legs of prisoners, especially in the past ( old-fashioned )

IN GOLF

5.

[ C ] one of the set of clubs (= sticks for hitting the ball with) that have a metal head

—compare wood

IDIOMS

- have several, etc. irons in the fire

—more at pump verb , rule verb , strike verb

■ verb

to make clothes, etc. smooth by using an iron :

[ vn ]

I'll need to iron that dress before I can wear it.

[ v ]

He was ironing when I arrived.

—see also ironing

PHRASAL VERBS

- iron sth out

■ adjective

[ only before noun ] very strong and determined :

She was known as the 'Iron Lady'.

a man of iron will

IDIOMS

- an iron fist / hand (in a velvet glove)

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English īren , īsen , īsern , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch ijzer and German Eisen , and probably ultimately from Celtic .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.