Meaning of LOOP in English

LOOP

/ luːp; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

a shape like a curve or circle made by a line curving right round and crossing itself :

The road went in a huge loop around the lake.

2.

a piece of rope, wire, etc. in the shape of a curve or circle :

He tied a loop of rope around his arm.

Make a loop in the string.

a belt loop (= on trousers / pants, etc. for holding a belt in place)

3.

a strip of film or tape on which the pictures and sound are repeated continuously :

The film is on a loop.

( figurative )

His mind kept turning in an endless loop.

4.

( computing ) a set of instructions that is repeated again and again until a particular condition is satisfied

5.

a complete circuit for electrical current

6.

( BrE ) a railway line or road that leaves the main track or road and then joins it again

7.

the Loop ( US , informal ) the business centre of the US city of Chicago

IDIOMS

- in the loop | out of the loop

- knock / throw sb for a loop

■ verb [+ adv. / prep. ]

1.

[ vn ] to form or bend sth into a loop :

He looped the strap over his shoulder.

2.

[ v ] to move in a way that makes the shape of a loop :

The river loops around the valley.

The ball looped high up in the air.

IDIOMS

- loop the loop

••

WORD ORIGIN

late Middle English : of unknown origin; compare with Scottish Gaelic lùb loop, bend.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.