Meaning of PACK in English

PACK

/ pæk; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

PUT INTO CONTAINER

1.

to put clothes, etc. into a bag in preparation for a trip away from home :

[ v ]

I haven't packed yet.

[ vn ]

I haven't packed my suitcase yet.

He packed a bag with a few things and was off.

He packed a few things into a bag.

Did you pack the camera?

[ vnn ]

I've packed you some food for the journey.

2.

[ vn ] pack sth (up) (in / into sth) to put sth into a container so that it can be stored, transported or sold :

The pottery was packed in boxes and shipped to the US.

I carefully packed up the gifts.

OPP unpack

PROTECT

3.

[ vn ] pack sth (in / with sth) to protect sth that breaks easily by surrounding it with soft material :

The paintings were carefully packed in newspaper.

PRESERVE FOOD

4.

[ vn ] pack sth (in sth) to preserve food in a particular substance :

fish packed in ice

FILL

5.

to fill sth with a lot of people or things :

[ v + adv. / prep. ]

We all packed together into one car.

[ vn ]

Fans packed the hall to see the band.

—see also packed out , packed

SNOW / SOIL

6.

[ vn ] pack sth (down) to press sth such as snow or soil to form a thick hard mass :

Pack the earth down around the plant.

a patch of packed snow

CARRY GUN

7.

( NAmE , informal ) to carry a gun :

[ vn ]

to pack a gun

[ v ]

Is he packing?

STORM

8.

[ vn ] to have sth :

A storm packing 75 mph winds swept across the area last night.

IDIOMS

- pack a (powerful, real, etc.) punch

- pack your bags

—more at send

PHRASAL VERBS

- pack away

- pack sth away

- pack sb in

- pack sth in

- pack sb/sth in / into sth

- pack into sth

- pack sb off (to ... )

- pack sth out

- pack up

- pack up | pack sth up

■ noun

CONTAINER

1.

[ C ] ( especially NAmE ) a container, usually made of paper, that holds a number of the same thing or an amount of sth, ready to be sold :

a pack of cigarettes / gum

You can buy the disks in packs of ten.

—compare package , packet

—see also flat-pack , six-pack

SET

2.

[ C ] a set of different things that are supplied together for a particular purpose :

Send for your free information pack today.

THINGS TIED FOR CARRYING

3.

[ C ] a number of things that are wrapped or tied together, especially for carrying :

donkeys carrying packs of wool

( figurative )

Everything she told us is a pack of lies (= a story that is completely false) .

LARGE BAG

4.

[ C ] a large bag that you carry on your back :

We passed a group of walkers, carrying huge packs.

—see also backpack , fanny pack

OF ANIMALS

5.

[ C +sing./pl. v . ] a group of animals that hunt together or are kept for hunting :

packs of savage dogs

wolves hunting in packs

a pack of hounds

OF PEOPLE

6.

[ C +sing./pl. v . ] a group of similar people or things, especially one that you do not like or approve of :

We avoided a pack of journalists waiting outside.

He's the leader of the pack.

7.

[ C +sing./pl. v . ] all the people who are behind the leaders in a race, competition, etc. :

measures aimed at keeping the company ahead of the pack

OF CARDS

8.

( BrE ) (also deck NAmE , BrE ) [ C ] a complete set of 52 playing cards :

a pack of cards

OF CUBS / BROWNIES

9.

[ C +sing./pl. v . ] an organized group of Cubs/Cub Scouts or Brownies :

to join a Brownie pack

FOR WOUND

10.

[ C ] a hot or cold piece of soft material that absorbs liquid, used for treating a wound

—see also ice pack , face pack , mud pack

IDIOMS

see joker

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Middle Dutch , Middle Low German pak (noun), pakken (verb). The verb appears appears early in Anglo-Latin and Anglo-Norman French in connection with the wool trade; trade in English wool was chiefly with the Low Countries.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.