Meaning of SCHOOL in English

SCHOOL

/ skuːl; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

WHERE CHILDREN LEARN

1.

[ C ] a place where children go to be educated :

My brother and I went to the same school.

( formal )

Which school do they attend?

I'm going to the school today to talk to Kim's teacher.

We need more money for roads, hospitals and schools.

school buildings

2.

[ U ] (used without the or a ) the process of learning in a school; the time during your life when you go to a school :

( BrE )

to start / leave school

( NAmE )

to start / quit school

Where did you go to school?

( BrE )

All my kids are still at school .

( NAmE )

All my kids are still in school .

( NAmE )

to teach school (= teach in a school)

The transition from school to work can be difficult.

3.

[ U ] (used without the or a ) the time during the day when children are working in a school :

Shall I meet you after school today?

School begins at 9.

The kids are at / in school until 3.30.

after-school activities

STUDENTS AND TEACHERS

4.

the school [ sing. ] all the children or students and the teachers in a school :

I had to stand up in front of the whole school.

FOR PARTICULAR SKILL

5.

[ C ] (often in compounds) a place where people go to learn a particular subject or skill :

a drama / language / riding, etc. school

COLLEGE / UNIVERSITY

6.

[ C , U ] ( NAmE , informal ) a college or university; the time that you spend there :

famous schools like Yale and Harvard

Where did you go to school?

—see also graduate school

7.

[ C ] a department of a college or university that teaches a particular subject :

the business / medical / law school

the School of Dentistry

OF WRITERS / ARTISTS

8.

[ C ] a group of writers, artists, etc. whose style of work or opinions have been influenced by the same person or ideas :

the Dutch school of painting

OF FISH

9.

[ C ] a large number of fish or other sea animals, swimming together :

a school of dolphins

—compare shoal

HELP NOTE : There are many compounds ending in school . You will find them at their place in the alphabet.

IDIOMS

- school(s) of thought

—more at old

■ verb

YOURSELF / ANIMAL

1.

school sb / yourself (in sth) ( formal ) to train sb / yourself / an animal to do sth :

[ vn ]

to school a horse

She had schooled herself in patience.

[ vn to inf ]

I have schooled myself to remain calm under pressure.

CHILD

2.

[ vn ] ( formal ) to educate a child :

She should be schooled with her peers.

••

BRITISH / AMERICAN

at / in school

In BrE somebody who is attending school is at school :

I was at school with her sister.

In NAmE in school is used:

I have a ten-year-old in school.

In school in NAmE can also mean 'attending a university'.

••

GRAMMAR

school

When a school is being referred to as an institution, you do not need to use the :

When do the children finish school?

When you are talking about a particular building, the is used:

I'll meet you outside the school.

Prison , jail , court , and church work in the same way:

Her husband spent three years in prison.

· note at college , hospital

••

WORD ORIGIN

noun senses 1 to 8 and verb Old English scōl , scolu , via Latin from Greek skholē leisure, philosophy, lecture-place, reinforced in Middle English by Old French escole .

noun sense 9 late Middle English : from Middle Low German , Middle Dutch schōle , of West Germanic origin; related to Old English scolu troop. Compare with shoal sense 1.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.