Meaning of SHINE in English

SHINE

/ ʃaɪn; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb ( shone , shone / ʃɒn; US ʃoʊn/)

HELP NOTE : In sense 3 shined is used for the past tense and past participle.

1.

[ v ] to produce or reflect light; to be bright :

The sun shone brightly in a cloudless sky.

The dark polished wood shone like glass.

( figurative )

Her eyes were shining with excitement.

Excitement was shining in her eyes.

2.

[ vn ] to aim or point the light of a lamp, etc. in a particular direction :

He shone the flashlight around the cellar.

( figurative )

Campaigners are shining a spotlight on the world's diminishing natural resources.

3.

( shined , shined ) [ vn ] to polish sth; to make sth smooth and bright :

He shined shoes and sold newspapers to make money.

4.

[ v ] to be very good at sth :

He failed to shine academically but he was very good at sports.

She has set a shining example of loyal service over four decades.

—see also shiny

IDIOMS

see hay , knight noun , rise verb

PHRASAL VERBS

- shine through (sth)

■ noun

[ sing. ] the bright quality that sth has when light is reflected on it :

a shampoo that gives your hair body and shine

IDIOMS

- take a shine to sb/sth

- take the shine off sth

—more at rain noun

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SYNONYMS

shine

gleam ♦ glow ♦ sparkle ♦ glisten ♦ shimmer ♦ glitter ♦ twinkle ♦ glint

These words all mean to produce or reflect light.

shine

to produce or reflect light, especially brightly:

The sun was shining and the sky was blue.

gleam

to shine with a clear bright or pale light, especially a reflected light:

Moonlight gleamed on the water.

glow

(often of sth hot or warm) to produce a dull steady light:

The end of his cigarette glowed red.

sparkle

to shine brightly with small flashes of light:

The diamonds sparkled in the light.

glisten

(of sth wet) to shine:

The road glistened wet after the rain.

shimmer

to shine with a soft light that seems to shake slightly:

Everything seemed to shimmer in the heat.

glitter

to shine brightly with small flashes of reflected light:

The ceiling of the cathedral glittered with gold.

sparkle or glitter?

There is very little difference in meaning between these two words. Glitter can sometimes suggest a lack of depth, but this is more frequent in the figurative use of glitter as a noun:

the superficial glitter of show business

. Sparkle is also often used to talk about light reflected off a surface, but things that produce light can also sparkle:

Stars sparkled in the sky.

twinkle

to shine with a light that changes rapidly from bright to faint to bright again:

Stars twinkled in the sky.

glint

to give small bright flashes of reflected light:

The blade of the knife glinted in the darkness.

PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS :

to shine / gleam / glow / sparkle / glisten / shimmer / glitter / twinkle / glint on/upon sth

to shine / gleam / glow / sparkle / glisten / shimmer / glitter / twinkle / glint with sth

to shine / gleam / sparkle / glisten / shimmer / glitter / glint in the sunlight

to shine / gleam / glow / sparkle / glisten / shimmer / glitter / glint in the moonlight

the moon shines / gleams / shimmers

the stars shine / gleam / sparkle / glitter / twinkle

sb's eyes shine / gleam / glow / sparkle / glisten / glitter / twinkle / glint

to shine / gleam / glow / sparkle / glisten / shimmer / glitter / twinkle / glint brightly

to shine / gleam / glow / shimmer softly

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WORD ORIGIN

Old English scīnan , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch schijnen and German scheinen .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.