Meaning of STRIKE in English

STRIKE

/ straɪk; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

( struck , struck / strʌk; NAmE /)

HIT SB / STH

1.

[ vn ] ( formal ) to hit sb/sth hard or with force :

The ship struck a rock.

The child ran into the road and was struck by a car.

The tree was struck by lightning .

He fell, striking his head on the edge of the table.

The stone struck her on the forehead.

➡ note at hit

2.

( formal ) to hit sb/sth with your hand or a weapon :

[ vn ]

She struck him in the face.

He struck the table with his fist.

Who struck the first blow (= started the fight) ?

[also vnn ]

KICK / HIT BALL

3.

[ vn ] ( formal ) to hit or kick a ball, etc. :

He walked up to the penalty spot and struck the ball firmly into the back of the net.

ATTACK

4.

[ v ] to attack sb/sth, especially suddenly :

The lion crouched ready to strike.

Police fear that the killer may strike again.

OF DISASTER / DISEASE

5.

to happen suddenly and have a harmful or damaging effect on sb/sth :

[ v ]

Two days later tragedy struck.

[ vn ]

The area was struck by an outbreak of cholera.

THOUGHT / IDEA / IMPRESSION

6.

(not used in the progressive tenses) ( of a thought or an idea ) to come into sb's mind suddenly :

[ vn ]

An awful thought has just struck me.

I was struck by her resemblance to my aunt.

[ vn wh- ]

It suddenly struck me how we could improve the situation.

7.

strike sb (as sth) to give sb a particular impression :

[ vn ]

His reaction struck me as odd.

How does the idea strike you?

She strikes me as a very efficient person.

[ vn ( that )]

It strikes me that nobody is really in favour of the changes.

OF LIGHT

8.

[ vn ] to fall on a surface :

The windows sparkled as the sun struck the glass.

DUMB / DEAF / BLIND

9.

[ vn - adj ] [ usually passive ] to put sb suddenly into a particular state :

to be struck dumb / deaf / blind

OF WORKERS

10.

[ v ] strike (for sth) to refuse to work as a protest :

The union has voted to strike for a pay increase of 6%.

Striking workers picketed the factory.

MATCH

11.

to rub sth such as a match against a surface so that it produces a flame; to produce a flame when rubbed against a rough surface :

[ vn ]

to strike a match on a wall

The sword struck sparks off the stone floor.

[ v ]

The matches were damp and he couldn't make them strike.

OF CLOCK

12.

to show the time by making a ringing noise, etc.

SYN chime :

[ v ]

Did you hear the clock strike?

[ vn ]

The clock has just struck three.

MAKE SOUND

13.

[ vn ] to produce a musical note, sound, etc. by pressing a key or hitting sth :

to strike a chord on the piano

GOLD / OIL, etc.

14.

[ vn ] to discover gold, oil, etc. by digging or drilling :

They had struck oil!

GO WITH PURPOSE

15.

[ v + adv. / prep. ] strike (off / out) to go somewhere with great energy or purpose :

We left the road and struck off across the fields.

IDIOMS

- be struck by / on / with sb/sth

- strike a balance (between A and B)

- strike a bargain / deal

- strike a blow for / against / at sth

- strike fear, etc. into sb/sb's heart

- strike gold

- strike it rich

- strike (it) lucky

- strike a pose / an attitude

- strike while the iron is hot

- within striking distance (of sth)

—more at chord , hard adjective , home adverb , lightning noun , note noun , pay dirt

PHRASAL VERBS

- strike at sb/sth

- strike back (at / against sb)

- strike sb down

- strike sth off

- strike sb/sth off (sth)

- strike out

- strike out (at sb/sth)

- strike out | strike sb out

- strike sth out / through

- strike out (for / towards sth)

- strike up (with sth) | strike up sth

- strike up sth (with sb)

■ noun

OF WORKERS

1.

a period of time when an organized group of employees of a company stops working because of a disagreement over pay or conditions :

the train drivers' strike

a strike by teachers

an unofficial / a one-day strike

Air traffic controllers are threatening to come out on / go on strike .

Half the workforce are now (out) on strike .

The train drivers have voted to take strike action .

The student union has called for a rent strike (= a refusal to pay rent as a protest) .

—see also general strike , hunger strike

ATTACK

2.

a military attack, especially by aircraft dropping bombs :

an air strike

They decided to launch a pre-emptive strike .

HITTING / KICKING

3.

[ usually sing. ] an act of hitting or kicking sth/sb :

His spectacular strike in the second half made the score 2–0.

—see also bird strike , lightning

IN BASEBALL

4.

an unsuccessful attempt to hit the ball

IN BOWLING

5.

a situation in tenpin bowling when a player knocks down all the pins with the first ball

DISCOVERY OF OIL

6.

[ usually sing. ] a sudden discovery of sth valuable, especially oil

BAD THING / ACTION

7.

( NAmE ) strike (against sb/sth) a bad thing or action that damages sb/sth's reputation :

The amount of fuel that this car uses is a big strike against it.

IDIOMS

- three strikes and you're out | the three strikes rule

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English strīcan go, flow and rub lightly , of West Germanic origin; related to German streichen to stroke, also to stroke . The sense deliver a blow dates from Middle English .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.