Meaning of WASTE in English

WASTE

/ weɪst; NAmE / verb , noun , adjective

■ verb

[ vn ]

NOT USE WELL

1.

waste sth (on sth) | waste sth (in) doing sth to use more of sth than is necessary or useful :

to waste time / food / energy

Why waste money on clothes you don't need?

She wasted no time in rejecting the offer (= she rejected it immediately) .

You're wasting your time trying to explain it to him (= because he will not understand) .

2.

waste sth (on sb/sth) to give, say, use, etc. sth good where it is not valued or used in the way that it should be :

Don't waste your sympathy on him—he got what he deserved.

Her comments were not wasted on Chris (= he understood what she meant) .

3.

[ usually passive ] to not make good or full use of sb/sth :

It was a wasted opportunity.

You're wasted as a sales manager—you should have been an actor.

KILL SB

4.

( informal , especially NAmE ) to get rid of sb, usually by killing them

DEFEAT SB

5.

( NAmE , informal ) to defeat sb very badly in a game or competition

IDIOMS

- waste your breath

- waste not, want not

PHRASAL VERBS

- waste away

■ noun

NOT GOOD USE

1.

[ U , sing. ] waste (of sth) the act of using sth in a careless or unnecessary way, causing it to be lost or destroyed :

I hate unnecessary waste.

It seems such a waste to throw good food away.

I hate to see good food go to waste (= be thrown away) .

The report is critical of the department's waste of resources.

What a waste of paper!

2.

[ sing. ] a situation in which it is not worth spending time, money, etc. on sth :

These meetings are a complete waste of time .

They believe the statue is a waste of taxpayers' money.

MATERIALS

3.

[ U ] (also wastes [ pl. ]) materials that are no longer needed and are thrown away :

household / industrial waste

toxic wastes

waste disposal (= the process of getting rid of waste)

LAND

4.

wastes [ pl. ] ( formal ) a large area of land where there are very few people, animals or plants :

the frozen wastes of Siberia

IDIOMS

- a waste of space

■ adjective

[ usually before noun ]

LAND

1.

not suitable for building or growing things on and therefore not used

SYN derelict :

The car was found on a piece of waste ground.

MATERIALS

2.

no longer needed for a particular process and therefore thrown away :

Waste water is pumped from the factory into a nearby river.

IDIOMS

- lay sth waste | lay waste (to) sth

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : from Old Northern French wast(e) (noun), waster (verb), based on Latin vastus unoccupied, uncultivated.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.