Meaning of WAVE in English

WAVE

/ weɪv; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

OF WATER

1.

[ C ] a raised line of water that moves across the surface of the sea, ocean, etc. :

Huge waves were breaking on the shore.

Surfers flocked to the beach to ride the waves .

the gentle sound of waves lapping

Children were playing in the waves .

Seagulls bobbed on the waves .

The wind made little waves on the pond.

—see also tidal wave

OF ACTIVITY / FEELING

2.

[ C ] a sudden increase in a particular activity or feeling :

a wave of opposition / protest / violence, etc.

a crime wave

A wave of fear swept over him.

Guilt and horror flooded her in waves .

A wave of panic spread through the crowd.

—see also brainwave , heatwave

LARGE NUMBER

3.

[ C ] a large number of people or things suddenly moving or appearing somewhere :

Wave after wave of aircraft passed overhead.

—see also new wave

MOVEMENT OF ARM / HAND / BODY

4.

[ C ] a movement of your arm and hand from side to side :

She declined the offer with a wave of her hand.

He gave us a wave as the bus drove off.

5.

the wave [ sing. ] ( NAmE ) = Mexican wave

OF HEAT / SOUND / LIGHT

6.

[ C ] the form that some types of energy such as heat, sound, light, etc. take as they move :

radio / sound / ultrasonic waves

—see also airwaves , long wave , medium wave , microwave , shock wave , short wave , sound wave

IN HAIR

7.

[ C ] if a person's hair has a wave or waves , it is not straight but curls slightly

—see also permanent wave

SEA

8.

the waves [ pl. ] ( literary ) the sea

—see also wavy

IDIOMS

- make waves

—more at crest noun , ride verb

■ verb

MOVE HAND / ARM

1.

wave (at / to sb) | wave sth (at sb) | wave sth (about / around) to move your hand or arm from side to side in the air in order to attract attention, say hello, etc. :

[ v ]

The people on the bus waved and we waved back.

Why did you wave at him?

[ vn ]

A man in the water was shouting and waving his arms around frantically.

[ vnn , vn ]

My mother was crying as I waved her goodbye .

My mother was crying as I waved goodbye to her.

2.

[+ adv. / prep. ] to show where sth is, show sb where to go, etc. by moving your hand in a particular direction :

[ v ]

She waved vaguely in the direction of the house.

[ vn ]

'He's over there,' said Ali, waving a hand towards some trees.

I showed my pass to the security guard and he waved me through.

3.

[ vn , usually + adv. / prep. ] to hold sth in your hand and move it from side to side :

Crowds lined the route, waving flags and cheering.

'I'm rich!' she exclaimed, waving the money under his nose.

MOVE FREELY

4.

[ v ] to move freely and gently, for example in the wind, while one end or side is held in position :

The flag waved in the breeze.

HAIR

5.

[ v ] to curl slightly :

His hair waves naturally.

6.

[ vn ] to make sb's hair curl slightly :

She's had her hair waved.

IDIOMS

- like waving a red flag in front of a bull

—more at flag noun

PHRASAL VERBS

- wave sth aside / away

- wave sth/sb down

- wave sb off

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English wafian (verb), from the Germanic base of waver ; the noun by alteration (influenced by the verb) of Middle English wawe (sea) wave .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.