Meaning of CAST in English

CAST

v. & n.

--v. (past and past part. cast)

1. tr. throw, esp. deliberately or forcefully.

2 tr. (often foll. by on, over) a direct or cause to fall (one's eyes, a glance, light, a shadow, a spell, etc.). b express (doubts, aspersions, etc.).

3 tr. throw out (a fishing-line) into the water.

4 tr. let down (an anchor or sounding-lead).

5 tr. a throw off, get rid of. b shed (skin etc.) esp. in the process of growth. c (of a horse) lose (a shoe).

6 tr. record, register, or give (a vote).

7 tr. a shape (molten metal or plastic material) in a mould. b make (a product) in this way.

8 tr. Printing make (type).

9 tr. a (usu. foll. by as) assign (an actor) to play a particular character. b allocate roles in (a play, film, etc.).

10 tr. (foll. by in, into) arrange or formulate (facts etc.) in a specified form.

11 tr. & intr. reckon, add up, calculate (accounts or figures).

12 tr. calculate and record details of (a horoscope).

--n.

1. a the throwing of a missile etc. b the distance reached by this.

2 a throw or a number thrown at dice.

3 a throw of a net, sounding-lead, or fishing-line.

4 Fishing a that which is cast, esp. the gut with hook and fly. b a place for casting (a good cast).

5 a an object of metal, clay, etc., made in a mould. b a moulded mass of solidified material, esp. plaster protecting a broken limb.

6 the actors taking part in a play, film, etc.

7 form, type, or quality (cast of features; cast of mind).

8 a tinge or shade of colour.

9 a (in full cast in the eye) a slight squint. b a twist or inclination.

10 a a mass of earth excreted by a worm. b a mass of indigestible food thrown up by a hawk, owl, etc.

11 the form into which any work is thrown or arranged.

12 a a wide area covered by a dog or pack to find a trail. b Austral. & NZ a wide sweep made by a sheepdog in mustering sheep.

Phrases and idioms:

cast about (or around or round) make an extensive search (actually or mentally) (cast about for a solution). cast adrift leave to drift. cast ashore (of waves etc.) throw to the shore. cast aside give up using; abandon. cast away

1. reject.

2 (in passive) be shipwrecked (cf. CASTAWAY). cast one's bread upon the waters see BREAD. cast down depress, deject (cf. DOWNCAST). casting vote a deciding vote usu. given by the chairperson when the votes on two sides are equal.

Usage:

From an obsolete sense of cast turn the scale. cast iron a hard alloy of iron, carbon, and silicon cast in a mould. cast-iron adj.

1. made of cast iron.

2 hard, unchallengeable, unchangeable. cast loose detach; detach oneself. cast lots see LOT. cast-net a net thrown out and immediately drawn in.

cast off

1. abandon.

2 Knitting take the stitches off the needle by looping each over the next to finish the edge.

3 Naut. a set a ship free from a quay etc. b loosen and throw off (rope etc.).

4 Printing estimate the space that will be taken in print by manuscript copy. cast-off adj. abandoned, discarded.

--n. a cast-off thing, esp. a garment. cast on Knitting make the first row of loops on the needle. cast out expel. cast up

1. (of the sea) deposit on the shore.

2 add up (figures etc.).

Etymology: ME f. ON kasta

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.