Meaning of -EN in English



suffix forming verbs:

1. from adjectives, usu. meaning 'make or become so or more so' (deepen; fasten; moisten).

2 from nouns (happen; strengthen).

Etymology: OE -nian f. Gmc 2.

suffix (also -n) forming adjectives from nouns, meaning:

1. made or consisting of (often with extended and figurative senses) (wooden).

2 resembling; of the nature of (golden; silvern).

Etymology: OE f. Gmc 3.

suffix (also -n) forming past participles of strong verbs:

1. as a regular inflection (spoken; sworn).

2 with restricted sense (drunken).

Etymology: OE f. Gmc 4.

suffix forming the plural of a few nouns (children; brethren; oxen).

Etymology: ME reduction of OE -an 5.

suffix forming diminutives of nouns (chicken; maiden).

Etymology: OE f. Gmc 6.


1. forming feminine nouns (vixen).

2 forming abstract nouns (burden).

Etymology: OE f. Gmc

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.