Meaning of SPARK in English

SPARK

1. n. & v.

--n.

1. a fiery particle thrown off from a fire, or alight in ashes, or produced by a flint, match, etc.

2 (often foll. by of) a particle of a quality etc. (not a spark of life; a spark of interest).

3 Electr. a a light produced by a sudden disruptive discharge through the air etc. b such a discharge serving to ignite the explosive mixture in an internal-combustion engine.

4 a a flash of wit etc. b anything causing interest, excitement, etc. c (also bright spark) a witty or lively person.

5 a small bright object or point, e.g. in a gem.

6 (Sparks) a nickname for a radio operator or an electrician.

--v.

1. intr. emit sparks of fire or electricity.

2 tr. (often foll. by off) stir into activity; initiate (a process) suddenly.

3 intr. Electr. produce sparks at the point where a circuit is interrupted.

Phrases and idioms:

spark chamber an apparatus designed to show ionizing particles. spark-gap the space between electric terminals where sparks occur. sparking-plug Brit. spark-plug. spark-plug a device for firing the explosive mixture in an internal-combustion engine.

Derivatives:

sparkless adj. sparky adj.

Etymology: ME f. OE sp{aelig}rca, spearca 2. n. & v.

--n.

1. a lively young fellow.

2 a gallant, a beau.

--v.intr. play the gallant.

Derivatives:

sparkish adj.

Etymology: prob. a fig. use of SPARK(1)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.