Meaning of STRAIGHT in English

STRAIGHT

adj., n., & adv.

--adj.

1. a extending uniformly in the same direction; without a curve or bend etc. b Geom. (of a line) lying on the shortest path between any two of its points.

2 successive, uninterrupted (three straight wins).

3 in proper order or place or condition; duly arranged; level, symmetrical (is the picture straight?; put things straight).

4 honest, candid; not evasive (a straight answer).

5 (of thinking etc.) logical, unemotional.

6 (of drama etc.) serious as opposed to popular or comic; employing the conventional techniques of its art form.

7 a unmodified. b (of a drink) undiluted.

8 colloq. (of music) classical.

9 colloq. a (of a person etc.) conventional or respectable. b heterosexual.

10 (of an arch) flat-topped.

11 (of a person's back) not bowed.

12 (of the hair) not curly or wavy.

13 (of a knee) not bent.

14 (of the legs) not bandy or knock-kneed.

15 (of a garment) not flared.

16 coming direct from its source.

17 (of an aim, look, blow, or course) going direct to the mark.

--n.

1. the straight part of something, esp. the concluding stretch of a racecourse.

2 a straight condition.

3 a sequence of five cards in poker.

4 colloq. a conventional person; a heterosexual.

--adv.

1. in a straight line; direct; without deviation or hesitation or circumlocution (came straight from Paris; I told them straight).

2 in the right direction, with a good aim (shoot straight).

3 correctly (can't see straight).

4 archaic at once or immediately.

Phrases and idioms:

go straight live an honest life after being a criminal. the straight and narrow morally correct behaviour. straight angle an angle of 180(0). straight away at once; immediately. straight-bred not cross-bred. straight-cut (of tobacco) cut lengthwise into long silky fibres. straight-edge a bar with one edge accurately straight, used for testing. straight-eight

1. an internal-combustion engine with eight cylinders in line.

2 a vehicle having this. straight eye the ability to detect deviation from the straight. straight face an intentionally expressionless face, esp. avoiding a smile though amused. straight-faced having a straight face. straight fight Brit. Polit. a direct contest between two candidates. straight flush see FLUSH(3).

straight from the shoulder

1. (of a blow) well delivered.

2 (of a verbal attack) frank or direct. straight man a comedian's stooge. straight off colloq. without hesitation, deliberation, etc. (cannot tell you straight off).

straight-out US

1. uncompromising.

2 straightforward, genuine. straight razor US a cutthroat razor.

Derivatives:

straightly adv. straightness n.

Etymology: ME, past part. of STRETCH

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.