Meaning of STRIKE in English

STRIKE

v. & n.

--v. (past struck; past part. struck or archaic stricken)

1. a tr. subject to an impact. b tr. deliver (a blow) or inflict a blow on.

2 tr. come or bring sharply into contact with (the ship struck a rock).

3 tr. propel or divert with a blow (struck the ball into the pond).

4 intr. (foll. by at) try to hit.

5 tr. penetrate or cause to penetrate (struck terror into him).

6 tr. ignite (a match) or produce (sparks etc.) by rubbing.

7 tr. make (a coin) by stamping.

8 tr. produce (a musical note) by striking.

9 a tr. (also absol.) (of a clock) indicate (the time) by the sounding of a chime etc. b intr. (of time) be indicated in this way.

10 tr. a attack suddenly (was struck with sudden terror). b (of a disease) afflict.

11 tr. cause to become suddenly (was struck dumb).

12 tr. reach or achieve (strike a balance).

13 tr. agree on (a bargain).

14 tr. assume (an attitude) suddenly and dramatically.

15 tr. a discover or come across. b find (oil etc.) by drilling. c encounter (an unusual thing etc.).

16 come to the attention of or appear to (it strikes me as silly; an idea suddenly struck me).

17 a intr. (of employees) engage in a strike; cease work as a protest. b tr. US act in this way against (an employer).

18 a tr. lower or take down (a flag or tent etc.). b intr. signify surrender by striking a flag; surrender.

19 intr. take a specified direction (struck east).

20 tr. (also absol.) secure a hook in the mouth of (a fish) by jerking the tackle.

21 tr. (of a snake) wound with its fangs.

22 intr. (of oysters) attach themselves to a bed.

23 a tr. insert (the cutting of a plant) in soil to take root. b tr. (also absol.) (of a plant or cutting etc.) put forth (roots).

24 tr. level (grain etc. or the measure) in strike-measure.

25 tr. a ascertain (a balance) by deducting credit or debit from the other. b arrive at (an average, state of balance) by equalizing all items.

26 compose (a jury) esp. by allowing both sides to reject the same number.

--n.

1. the act or an instance of striking.

2 a the organized refusal by employees to work until some grievance is remedied. b a similar refusal to participate in some other expected activity.

3 a sudden find or success (a lucky strike).

4 an attack, esp. from the air.

5 Baseball a batter's unsuccessful attempt to hit a pitched ball, or another event counting equivalently against a batter.

6 the act of knocking down all the pins with the first ball in bowling.

7 horizontal direction in a geological structure.

8 a strickle.

Phrases and idioms:

on strike taking part in an industrial etc. strike. strike at the root (or roots) of see ROOT(1). strike back

1. strike or attack in return.

2 (of a gas-burner) burn from an internal point before the gas has become mixed with air.

strike down

1. knock down.

2 bring low; afflict (struck down by a virus).

strike home

1. deal an effective blow.

2 have an intended effect (my words struck home).

strike in

1. intervene in a conversation etc.

2 (of a disease) attack the interior of the body from the surface. strike it rich colloq. find a source of abundance or success.

strike a light

1. produce a light by striking a match.

2 Brit. sl. an expression of surprise, disgust, etc. strike lucky have a lucky success. strike-measure measurement by passing a rod across the top of a heaped vessel to ensure that it is exactly full.

strike off

1. remove with a stroke.

2 delete (a name etc.) from a list.

3 produce (copies of a document).

strike oil

1. find petroleum by sinking a shaft.

2 attain prosperity or success.

strike out

1. hit out.

2 act vigorously.

3 delete (an item or name etc.).

4 set off or begin (struck out eastwards).

5 use the arms and legs in swimming.

6 forge or devise (a plan etc.).

7 Baseball a dismiss (a batter) by means of three strikes. b be dismissed in this way. strike pay an allowance paid to strikers by their trade union. strike through delete (a word etc.) with a stroke of one's pen.

strike up

1. start (an acquaintance, conversation, etc.) esp. casually.

2 (also absol.) begin playing (a tune etc.).

strike upon

1. have (an idea etc.) luckily occur to one.

2 (of light) illuminate. strike while the iron is hot act promptly at a good opportunity. struck on colloq. infatuated with.

Derivatives:

strikable adj.

Etymology: OE strican go, stroke f. WG

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.