Meaning of STRIKE in English
v. & n.
--v. (past struck; past part. struck or archaic stricken)
1. a tr. subject to an impact. b tr. deliver (a blow) or inflict a blow on.
2 tr. come or bring sharply into contact with (the ship struck a rock).
3 tr. propel or divert with a blow (struck the ball into the pond).
4 intr. (foll. by at) try to hit.
5 tr. penetrate or cause to penetrate (struck terror into him).
6 tr. ignite (a match) or produce (sparks etc.) by rubbing.
7 tr. make (a coin) by stamping.
8 tr. produce (a musical note) by striking.
9 a tr. (also absol.) (of a clock) indicate (the time) by the sounding of a chime etc. b intr. (of time) be indicated in this way.
10 tr. a attack suddenly (was struck with sudden terror). b (of a disease) afflict.
11 tr. cause to become suddenly (was struck dumb).
12 tr. reach or achieve (strike a balance).
13 tr. agree on (a bargain).
14 tr. assume (an attitude) suddenly and dramatically.
15 tr. a discover or come across. b find (oil etc.) by drilling. c encounter (an unusual thing etc.).
16 come to the attention of or appear to (it strikes me as silly; an idea suddenly struck me).
17 a intr. (of employees) engage in a strike; cease work as a protest. b tr. US act in this way against (an employer).
18 a tr. lower or take down (a flag or tent etc.). b intr. signify surrender by striking a flag; surrender.
19 intr. take a specified direction (struck east).
20 tr. (also absol.) secure a hook in the mouth of (a fish) by jerking the tackle.
21 tr. (of a snake) wound with its fangs.
22 intr. (of oysters) attach themselves to a bed.
23 a tr. insert (the cutting of a plant) in soil to take root. b tr. (also absol.) (of a plant or cutting etc.) put forth (roots).
24 tr. level (grain etc. or the measure) in strike-measure.
25 tr. a ascertain (a balance) by deducting credit or debit from the other. b arrive at (an average, state of balance) by equalizing all items.
26 compose (a jury) esp. by allowing both sides to reject the same number.
1. the act or an instance of striking.
2 a the organized refusal by employees to work until some grievance is remedied. b a similar refusal to participate in some other expected activity.
3 a sudden find or success (a lucky strike).
4 an attack, esp. from the air.
5 Baseball a batter's unsuccessful attempt to hit a pitched ball, or another event counting equivalently against a batter.
6 the act of knocking down all the pins with the first ball in bowling.
7 horizontal direction in a geological structure.
8 a strickle.
Phrases and idioms:
on strike taking part in an industrial etc. strike. strike at the root (or roots) of see ROOT(1). strike back
1. strike or attack in return.
2 (of a gas-burner) burn from an internal point before the gas has become mixed with air.
1. knock down.
2 bring low; afflict (struck down by a virus).
1. deal an effective blow.
2 have an intended effect (my words struck home).
1. intervene in a conversation etc.
2 (of a disease) attack the interior of the body from the surface. strike it rich colloq. find a source of abundance or success.
strike a light
1. produce a light by striking a match.
2 Brit. sl. an expression of surprise, disgust, etc. strike lucky have a lucky success. strike-measure measurement by passing a rod across the top of a heaped vessel to ensure that it is exactly full.
1. remove with a stroke.
2 delete (a name etc.) from a list.
3 produce (copies of a document).
1. find petroleum by sinking a shaft.
2 attain prosperity or success.
1. hit out.
2 act vigorously.
3 delete (an item or name etc.).
4 set off or begin (struck out eastwards).
5 use the arms and legs in swimming.
6 forge or devise (a plan etc.).
7 Baseball a dismiss (a batter) by means of three strikes. b be dismissed in this way. strike pay an allowance paid to strikers by their trade union. strike through delete (a word etc.) with a stroke of one's pen.
1. start (an acquaintance, conversation, etc.) esp. casually.
2 (also absol.) begin playing (a tune etc.).
1. have (an idea etc.) luckily occur to one.
2 (of light) illuminate. strike while the iron is hot act promptly at a good opportunity. struck on colloq. infatuated with.
Etymology: OE strican go, stroke f. WG
Oxford English vocab. Оксфордский английский словарь. 2012