Meaning of SURPLUS in English

SURPLUS

n. & adj.

--n.

1. an amount left over when requirements have been met.

2 a an excess of revenue over expenditure in a given period, esp. a financial year (opp. DEFICIT). b the excess value of a company's assets over the face value of its stock.

--adj. exceeding what is needed or used.

Phrases and idioms:

surplus value Econ. the difference between the value of work done and wages paid.

Etymology: ME f. AF surplus, OF s(o)urplus f. med.L superplus (as SUPER-, + plus more)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.