Meaning of SWITCH in English

SWITCH

n. & v.

--n.

1. a device for making and breaking the connection in an electric circuit.

2 a a transfer, change-over, or deviation. b an exchange.

3 a slender flexible shoot cut from a tree.

4 a light tapering rod.

5 US a device at the junction of railway tracks for transferring a train from one track to another; POINT n. 17.

6 a tress of false or detached hair tied at one end used in hairdressing.

--v.

1. tr. (foll. by on, off) turn (an electrical device) on or off.

2 intr. change or transfer position, subject, etc.

3 tr. change or transfer.

4 tr. reverse the positions of; exchange (switched chairs).

5 tr. swing or snatch (a thing) suddenly (switched it out of my hand).

6 tr. beat or flick with a switch.

Phrases and idioms:

switch-blade a pocket knife with the blade released by a spring. switched-on colloq.

1. up to date; aware of what is going on.

2 excited; under the influence of drugs. switch off colloq. cease to pay attention. switch over change or exchange. switch-over n. a change or exchange.

Derivatives:

switcher n.

Etymology: earlier swits, switz, prob. f. LG

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.