Meaning of TAIL in English

TAIL

1. n. & v.

1. the hindmost part of an animal, esp. when prolonged beyond the rest of the body.

2 a a thing like a tail in form or position, esp. something extending downwards or outwards at an extremity. b the rear end of anything, e.g. of a procession. c a long train or line of people, vehicles, etc.

3 a the rear part of an aeroplane, with the tailplane and rudder, or of a rocket. b the rear part of a motor vehicle.

4 the luminous trail of particles following a comet.

5 a the inferior or weaker part of anything, esp. in a sequence. b Cricket the end of the batting order, with the weakest batsmen.

6 a the part of a shirt below the waist. b the hanging part of the back of a coat.

7 (in pl.) colloq. a a tailcoat. b evening dress including this.

8 (in pl.) the reverse of a coin as a choice when tossing.

9 colloq. a person following or shadowing another.

10 an extra strip attached to the lower end of a kite.

11 the stem of a note in music.

12 the part of a letter (e.g. y) below the line.

13 a the exposed end of a slate or tile in a roof. b the unexposed end of a brick or stone in a wall.

14 the slender backward prolongation of a butterfly's wing.

15 a comparative calm at the end of a gale.

16 a calm stretch following rough water in a stream.

--v.

1. tr. remove the stalks of (fruit).

2 tr. & (foll. by after) intr. colloq. shadow or follow closely.

3 tr. provide with a tail.

4 tr. dock the tail of (a lamb etc.).

5 tr. (often foll. by on to) join (one thing to another).

Phrases and idioms:

on a person's tail closely following a person. tail back (of traffic) form a tailback. tail covert any of the feathers covering the base of a bird's tail feathers. tail-end

1. the hindmost or lowest or last part.

2 (sense 5 of the n.). tail-ender a person at the tail-end of something, esp. in cricket and athletic races. tail in fasten (timber) by one end into a wall etc. tail-light (or -lamp) US a light at the rear of a train, motor vehicle, or bicycle.

tail off (or away)

1. become fewer, smaller, or slighter.

2 fall behind or away in a scattered line. tail-off n. a decline or gradual reduction, esp. in demand. tail-race the part of a mill-race below the water-wheel. tail-skid a support for the tail of an aircraft when on the ground. tail wind a wind blowing in the direction of travel of a vehicle or aircraft etc. with one's tail between one's legs in a state of dejection or humiliation. with one's tail up in good spirits; cheerful.

Derivatives:

tailed adj. (also in comb.). tailless adj.

Etymology: OE t{aelig}gl, t{aelig}gel f. Gmc 2. n. & adj. Law

--n. limitation of ownership, esp. of an estate limited to a person and that person's heirs.

--adj. so limited (estate tail; fee tail).

Phrases and idioms:

in tail under such a limitation.

Etymology: ME f. OF taille notch, cut, tax, f. taillier cut ult. f. L talea twig

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.