Meaning of VACUUM in English
noun the condition of rarefaction, or reduction of pressure below that of the atmosphere, in a vessel, as the condenser of a steam engine, which is nearly exhausted of air or steam, ·etc.; as, a vacuum of 26 inches of mercury, or 13 pounds per square inch.
2. vacuum ·noun a space entirely devoid of matter (called also, by way of distinction, absolute vacuum); hence, in a more general sense, a space, as the interior of a closed vessel, which has been exhausted to a high or the highest degree by an air pump or other artificial means; as, water boils at a reduced temperature in a vacuum.
Webster English vocab. Английский словарь Webster. 2012