Meaning of ADVANCE in English

ADVANCE

I. ədˈvan(t)s, -aa(ə)n-, -ain-, -ȧn- also ad- verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English advauncen, alteration (influenced by Latin ad- ) of avauncen, from Old French avancier, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin abantiare, from Latin abante before, from before, from ab- + ante before — more at ante-

transitive verb

1. : to move forward along a course or toward a terminus or goal : make to proceed or to progress

preparing to advance his pawn

: forward

finding ways to advance the job more rapidly

a. : to accelerate the progress or hasten the development of

advance the ripening of fruit

b. : to help on or aid the success or improvement of : further

volunteers soliciting funds to advance the work of the society

used propaganda to advance their cause

advancing his own interests at the expense of his friend's

2. : to raise in rank or position : promote

the rank of lieutenant, to which he was advanced in 1940

was advanced to the priesthood

advanced him over the heads of his seniors

: raise in importance

in advancing the husband in the office, the corporation is quite likely to advance him socially — W.H.Whyte

3. obsolete : extol , magnify , laud

greatly advancing his gay chivalry — Edmund Spenser

4. : to supply or provide ahead of time:

a. law : to furnish by way of an advancement

b. : to supply (as money or other value) beforehand in expectation of repayment or other future adjustment

advance an employee a week's pay as a loan

to farmers willing to raise soybeans, seed is advanced by the company — American Guide Series: Michigan

5. archaic : to lift up : raise , elevate

advanced their eyelids — Shakespeare

6. : to bring forward in time:

a. : to make earlier (as an event or date) : hasten

first scheduled for November 1, then advanced to October 15

b. : to bring or set forward to a later time : make or place later

modern scholarship has advanced the date of composition from the first to the second century A.D.

c. : to readjust (the timing of an ignition spark) so that ignition occurs earlier with reference to top dead center in the piston stroke

7.

a. : to set, push, or thrust forward, ahead, or to or toward the front : cause to go on

cautiously advancing one foot

advanced the tunnel 10 feet a day

advance the hands of a clock

b. phonetics

(1) : to move (the tongue) further forward

(2) : front

8. : to bring forward for notice, consideration, or acceptance : bring to view : offer , propose

advance an opinion

explanations were advanced and rejected

those advancing a claim to the vacant throne

9. : to raise in rate : increase

measures to keep landlords from advancing rents unfairly

advancing the price of gasoline twice in one week

intransitive verb

1. : to move forward : go or come forward : proceed

opened the door and advanced into the room

saw in the distance another lantern advancing toward them — Anne D. Sedgwick

the infantry advanced to the attack

the physicist, accustomed to … advancing from certainty — American Scholar

2. : to increase or make progress

a question on which knowledge is advancing

as he advanced in age and stature he advanced in knowledge

their children are advancing toward maturity

sagebrush and juniper are advancing at the expense of grass — G.R.Stewart

3. : to rise in rank, position, or importance

at 30 he had already advanced to colonel

the family has advanced to a position of influence in the community

the self-made man … who advanced through his own unaided efforts — R.B.Morris

have a fair chance to advance

4. : to rise in rate or price

as wages advanced, so did the cost of living

government securities advanced steadily

5. of a color : to seem to come forward toward the viewer : stand out to the eye

deep colors advance

— contrasted with recede

Synonyms:

forward , further , promote : these four verbs signify in common to help to move ahead. advance , forward , and further are virtually interchangeable. If a distinction exists it is perhaps that advance more than the others lays stress on the movement forward or the effectiveness of the assistance to that end

these policies had been considerably advanced during the preceding year — Americana Annual

ever alert to advance the cause of the freedom — W.H.Allison

forward is seldom applied to persons and perhaps stresses a little more than advance the activity or moral force intended to achieve the movement forward

the high school as a means of forwarding the education of all youth — T.H.Briggs

his military operations were successful, forwarding the Union cause — T.M.Spaulding

further may be said, in comparison to advance and forward , to put the least stress upon the movement forward and a great deal on the activity or force

furthering no special school of art, the institute seeks to make the museum a compendium of the evolution and history of art as a whole — American Guide Series: Minnesota

to further his selfish ends, he kept Monica from marrying the young man of her choice — Ann F. Wolfe

promote , in the sense pertinent here, usually implies nothing about a movement forward; it stresses solely the activity of assisting, encouraging, or fostering advancement, especially openly

she decided to promote a crusade to the Holy Land in a specially chartered liner — Carey McWilliams

a sound forest economy promotes the prosperity of agriculture and rural life — A.F.Gustafson

Synonym: see in addition cite .

II. noun

( -s )

1. : a moving forward

the advance of the infantry

the advance of the polar caps

the frontier advance followed a well-defined pattern — R.A.Billington

2.

a. : forward movement on a course of action or development : progress , improvement

mistaking material advance for spiritual enrichment — H.J.Laski

the advance of farm techniques

recent advances in social legislation

b. : a manifestation of progress or improvement : a step forward or beyond

far from being an advance on its predecessor, his new play is a regression

a method which was a definite advance over earlier practices

3. : a rise or increase (as in price, value, or amount) : addition to the price

during the year many workers won wage advances

a year-long advance in stock prices

4. : a first step toward the attainment of a result : an approach made (as to gain favor, form an acquaintance, adjust a difference) : overture , tender , offer

an attitude that discouraged all advances

she would certainly misunderstand the most guarded words, the most careful advances — Joseph Conrad

5. : a furnishing of something (as money or goods) before a return is received : payment beforehand : the money or goods thus furnished : money or value supplied beforehand

offered him an advance to complete the book

may also make cash advances to the packers before shipment is made — E.A.Duddy

6.

a. : the translational movement of a body in helical motion (as the forward motion of a screw)

b. : the interval by which an event in a cycle precedes a reference datum

7. : a story written for a news medium before the actual event

a Halloween advance written early in October

8. : the distance made parallel to the original course of a turning ship from the time of putting the rudder over until the ship is on the new course

- in advance

- in advance of

III. ədˈv-, (ˈ)ad|v- adjective

Etymology: advance (II)

1. : given, made, sent, issued, furnished, or received ahead of time or of need

advance payment

an advance copy of a book

advance information

2. : going before

sent out an advance party of soldiers

3. : forward of major bases of supply

an advance depot

advance base

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.