Meaning of BRACKET in English

BRACKET

I. ˈbrakə̇t, usu -ə̇d.+V noun

( -s )

Etymology: earlier bragget, from Middle French braguette codpiece, diminutive of brague breeches, from Old Provençal braga, from Latin braca — more at braccae

1. : a simple or composite often carved or sculptured overhanging member that projects from a wall, pier, or other structure and is usually designed to support a vertical load or to strengthen an angle although it sometimes serves merely as a decorative feature only seeming to give support — compare brace , cantilever , console , corbel , cul-de-lampe , modillion , strut

2.

a.

(1) : a short crooked ship's timber resembling a knee and used as a support

(2) : a flat or flanged triangular ship's plate used especially for connecting frames and deck beams

b. : a piece of formed sheet steel to which the parts of a bicycle frame are fastened and in which the crank axle turns — called also bottom bracket, crank hanger, main bracket

3.

a. : a short wall shelf (as one with a single support)

b. : a fixture projecting from a wall or column (as for holding a lamp or candle)

c. : the fruiting body of a bracket fungus — called also conk ; compare polyporaceae

d. : the curved juncture between serif and vertical stem of a type character

4.

a. : one of a pair of marks [] used (1) in writing and printing to enclose matter inserted in a direct quotation, matter extraneous or incidental to context, or phonetic symbols or (2) in logic to indicate operands to be grouped and treated as a unit or (3) in mathematics to serve as signs of aggregation — called also square bracket ; see vinculum

b. : one of the pair of marks <> used to enclose a mutilated passage or the expansion of an abbreviation in a text or to enclose quotations or verbal illustrations in a reference work such as a dictionary — called also angle bracket, broken bracket, pointed bracket

c. : one of a pair of curves () — called also parenthesis, round bracket

d. : brace 6b

5.

a. : a pair of shots fired to determine the exact distance from gun to target:

(1) : a pair that falls short of and beyond the target — called also range bracket

(2) : a pair that falls to the right and left of the target — called also deflection bracket

b. : the distance often ascertained by instrument between the landings of two shots fired at a distant target and used to correct the aim of the gun

6. : a section of a continuously numbered or graded series

in the 24 to 55 age bracket

temperatures beyond the 65° to 85° bracket

especially : one of a graded series of income groups

have risen out of the under $2000 class … and climbed a bracket or two — F.L.Allen

7.

a. : a pairing of opponents in an elimination tournament

b. : either half of the draw of an elimination tournament

the upper or lower bracket

8. : a skating figure in which the skater executes from a simple curve a half turn, a cusp, and then another half turn back to the original curve

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

1.

a. : to place within or as if within brackets

bracket a word

bracket the translation of a quotation in a foreign language

a face bracketed with tousled hair

b. : to set aside : separate out : eliminate from consideration

the transcendental view requires nature to be bracketed on principle — Marvin Farber

— often used with off

the danger of a positivistic approach to … history that brackets off moral questions — Times Literary Supplement

2. : to furnish, fasten, or decorate with brackets

an army trunk bracketed to its left running board — E.B.White

its highly stilted and bracketed arcading has distinct Moorish effects — American Guide Series: Tennessee

3.

a. : to put into the same class : associate

another historical tablet often bracketed with the Rosetta stone — Edward Clodd

b. : classify , group

bracket together cities of around the same population as if they were alike in all other respects — W.J.Reilly

4.

a. : to treat as a pair : deal with simultaneously

Hawaii and Alaska have been bracketed together in recent statehood legislation — Ernest Gruening

b. : to place beside for purposes of comparison : compare

teachers at West Point have bracketed this retreat with … the withdrawal by Napoleon from Moscow — R.L.Neuberger

5.

a. : to obtain a bracket on (as a target)

bracket an enemy convoy

b. : to establish the limits of (as a range of variation or a time interval)

if the guy was murdered in the time you bracket — H.V.Haddock

III. adjective

Etymology: modification of Irish Gaelic breac, from Old Irish brec

dialect : spotted , speckled

IV. noun

( -s )

Etymology: origin unknown

: american merganser

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.