Meaning of CREST in English

CREST

I. ˈkrest noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French creste, from Latin crista; akin to Old English hrisian to shake, Old High German hrīs twig, Old Norse hrista to shake, Gothic af hrisjan to shake off, Middle Irish cressaim I shake, Old Prussian craysi blade of grass, straw, Latin curvus curved — more at crown

1.

a. : a usually ornamental tuft or process on the head of a bird or animal ; specifically : cockscomb — see bird illustration

b.

(1) : the plume of feathers, painted metal fan, modeled emblem, or other decoration worn on a knight's helmet ; especially : one indicating the identity of the wearer

(2) : the apex of a helmet

on his crest sat horror plumed — John Milton

(3) : a heraldic device that represents the crest formerly borne upon the helmet of a knight, is depicted in a full achievement of arms upon the helmet, and is also used separately as an ornament or cognizance (as for plate or liveries)

(4) : a heraldic device depicted above the escutcheon but not upon a helmet — used especially in the official heraldry of the New World

(5) : an escutcheon of arms

(6) : a complete coat of arms — not used technically

(7) : an emblem, badge, device, or other object regularly used as a symbol (as of a family, tribe, or nation) — usually used only of emblems employed among peoples who do not practice the European system of heraldry

the Indians … mark off the hunting ground selected by them by blazing the trees with their crests — American Anthrop. Association Memoir

(8) : an identifying mark usually consisting of painted rings placed near the vanes of an arrow

(9) : high spirits or self-confidence : pride , courage , temper

c. : a process or prominence on any part of the body of an animal: as

(1) : the upper curve or ridge of the neck of a horse or other quadruped

(2) : the mane borne by such a crest

(3) : a ridge especially when longitudinal and median or serrated or tuberculated (as that on the back of certain lizards) — compare basilisk

(4) : a ridge especially on a bone

the crest of the tibia

the crest of the ilium

— see frontal crest , occipital crest

2. : the top of a structure or natural formation: as

a. : the highest point of a mountain : summit : the highest line of a range of mountains or hills or fold of rock

the crest of a watershed

the crest of an anticline

b. : the top edge of a dam or weir

c. : the ridge of a roof

3.

a. physics

(1) : the highest part of the oscillating surface in a gravity wave or a ripple on a liquid at any instant — contrasted with trough

(2) : the maximum attained by a wave variable during the passage of a complete cycle : peak

crest voltage

b. : the highest stage of a river in flood

4.

a. : one of the high points of an action or process marked by a periodic alternation of rise and fall

at the crest of each breath, weeping threatened her — Elizabeth Taylor

b. : the culmination of an action or process : climax

the crest of a civilization

at the crest of his fame

the crest of the evening's excitement

5. : a structure terminating or crowning an organ (as the persistent style forming a partial aril in plants of the genus Sanguinaria )

6. : the outermost part of a screw thread often in the form of a rounded or flat-surfaced helical ridge

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English cresten, from crest, n.

transitive verb

1. : to furnish with a crest : serve as a crest for : top , crown

2. : to reach the crest of (as a mountain or wave)

intransitive verb

1. obsolete : to bear oneself proudly or erectly

2. : to form or rise to a crest

the river is expected to crest at noon

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.