Meaning of DEPTH in English

DEPTH

ˈdepth noun

( plural depths -ps also -pt(h)s)

Etymology: Middle English, probably from dep deep + -th — more at deep

1.

a. : something that is deep : a deep place : a deep part of something ; especially : the deepest part — often used in plural

treasures in the depths of the ocean

b. : a profound or intense or often the most profound or intense state (as of thought or feeling) — often used in plural

in the depths of misery

the depths of reflection

also : a reprehensibly low social, moral, or intellectual condition — often used in plural

criticism … having fallen to such depths, it is hardly surprising that our standards of literature and the arts have fallen with it — Huntington Hartford

c. : the inner especially midmost or more or less remote or unfathomable part — often used in plural

the depths of the forest

disappeared in the depth of the crowd

d. : the part marked by the greatest, the most intense, or the severest degree (as of cold) — often used in plural

in the depths of winter

the depths of the night

in the lowest depths of servility and superstition — T.L.Peacock

also : the worst part — often used in plural

the depths of the slums

the depth of the depression

2.

a. : the perpendicular measurement downward from a surface

the depth of the river

: the extent or measurement from the top downward

the depth of a mine shaft

b.

(1) of a square sail : the extent from the headrope to the footrope

(2) of a staysail or boom sail : the length of the after leech — compare drop I 2b(2) hoist II 3b

c. : the distance between upper and lower or between dorsal and ventral points of a body

d. : the direct linear measurement from the point of viewing, from the usual position of an observer, or toward the back from a position usually considered the front

wishing he could measure the depth of the sky

the house lot was 200 ft. in depth

the depth of the crowd was considerable

specifically : the space from front to rear occupied by a military formation or position including front and rear elements

e. : a great distance into something immeasurable conceived of as extending from the observer — often used in plural

the depths of space

3.

a. : the quality of being deep or of having considerable extension downward or inward

b. : the quality of being profound (as in insight) or full (as of knowledge) : acuteness , penetration

a certain ripeness of wisdom, a certain pertinency and depth of meaning — P.E.More

says much for the depth of the impression he had received — Richard Garnett †1906

Shakespeare gives the greatest width of human passion; Dante the greatest altitude and greatest depth — T.S.Eliot

c. : the quality of being abstruse

the great depth of such thought left the ordinary brain tired and confused

d. : the quality of being intense or complete (as in moral quality or state of feeling)

the depth of a man's unrighteousness

impossible to share another's depth of grief

no one knew the depth of his guilt

e. : the quality of being low in pitch usually with fullness of tone

the vitality and depth of the sound that reached the ear — Jack Gould

f. : physical intensity

a great depth of stillness in the woods

specifically : the degree of departure from colorlessness that is characteristic of the concentration or efficiency of a bulky color produced by increasing from zero the thickness of its layers or from white of a surface color

4. archaic : the number of attributes that an abstract conception or notion includes : connotation

5. : the degree of engagement between a wheel and a pinion in a clock or watch

- beyond one's depth

- in depth

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.