Meaning of DRUM in English

DRUM

I. ˈdrəm noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: probably from Dutch trom, from Middle Dutch tromme; akin to Middle Low German & Middle High German trumme, probably of imitative origin

1.

a. : a musical instrument of percussion usually consisting of a hollow cylinder with a skin head stretched over each end which is beaten with a stick or pair of sticks in playing ; broadly : a hollow instrument or device of any nonmetallic material beaten in any manner to produce a deep-toned rumbling or booming sound

b. : drummer 1

2.

a. : tympanum 1a(1)

b. : the timbal of a sound-producing insect

3.

a. : the sound of a drum

b. : a repetitious action similar to the beating of a drum

woodpeckers' drums

also : the sound made by such an action

heard the swooping drum of the racer's hooves — Eve Langley

4. : something resembling a drum in shape: as

a.

(1) : one of the cylindrical or nearly cylindrical blocks of which the shaft of a column is composed

(2) : a vertical wall that is circular or polygonal and carries a cupola or dome

b. : a revolving cylinder in which hides are tumbled during processing into leather (as for washing, pickling, tanning, dyeing) or in which furs are cleaned (by tumbling with fine sawdust)

c. : a hollow revolving cylinder for containing something to be acted upon: as

(1) : a cask in which the colors of fabrics are fixed by steaming

(2) : a drum washer in paper making

(3) : a perforated cylinder for sorting ore

4. also drum barker : a long open-ended cylinder in which logs are tumbled in water to loosen and remove the bark

d. : a hollow or solid revolving cylinder or barrel that acts or is acted upon by something exterior to itself: as

(1) : the winding part of a capstan or hoisting machine

(2) : a doffer in a carding machine

(3) : the roller for an autographic record

(4) : a long pulley for several belts

(5) : brake drum

e. : the barrel of a clock upon which the weight cord is wound

f. : the circular housing of a banjo-clock movement

g. : a straight-sided cylindrical shipping container of metal, plywood, or paperboard with flat or slightly bowed ends one of which may be removable ; specifically : a metal container for liquids having a capacity between 12 and 110 gallons or a fiber container with a capacity up to 10 cubic feet

h. : a small paper tube with a paper or transparent film covering one end

face-powder drum

i. : a cylindrical or rounded attachment for hot water, steam, or gases (as for a radiator or a reservoir)

j. : any of several disk-shaped magazines for feeding ammunition to automatic arms

5. : any of various fishes of the family Sciaenidae that are capable of making a drumming noise — compare croaker 2; see black drum , channel bass , freshwater drum

6. Australia : a bundle of personal possessions carried by a swagman

[s]drum.jpg[/s] [

drum 1: 1 bass, 2 snare (orchestra), 3 snare (parade)

]

II. verb

( drummed ; drummed ; drumming ; drums )

intransitive verb

1. : to beat a drum

2. : to make a succession of strokes or vibrations that produce sounds like drumbeats

his fingers drummed on the table

specifically of a bird : to produce such vibrations especially by beating the wings

the male grouse drumming in the distance

3. : to throb or sound rhythmically with or as if with drumbeats

the spring freshet drums in the narrow brooks — S.V.Benét

a plane drums in the sky overhead — Coulton Waugh

4. : to stir up interest : solicit , canvass

gangsters who fear peace and drum for war — Newsweek

drumming for business

transitive verb

1.

a. : to summon, gather, or enlist by or as if by beating a drum

to confound such time that drums him from his sport — Shakespeare

to make the detective appear a figure of power the police … are drummed into his service — W.O.Aydelotte

drumming up talent — New Republic

b. : to arouse or further interest in by repeated promotional efforts

cheered on by poets drumming the new struggle with Spartan despotism — E.R.May

2. : to drive or dismiss ignominiously as if with accompaniment of drumbeats : expel — now used with out

a beggar being drummed out of town — J.H.Allen

drummed out of military school — Springfield ( Massachusetts ) Republican

3. : to drive or force by unremitting effort or reiteration

drums into the girls two mottoes of her own — Time

my father drummed the idea out of my head

two issues almost daily drummed into the ears of Californians — M.F.A.Montagu

4.

a. : to strike or tap repeatedly

began to drum her heels against the wall — T.B.Costain

drummed the table with his fingers

b. : to produce (rhythmic sounds) by such action

rain drummed an accompaniment to the words — Christine Weston

5.

a. : to treat (a hide) in a drum

b. : to clean (a fur) by prolonged shaking with fine sawdust in a revolving drum

6. : to put into a drum

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Scottish Gaelic druim back ridge; akin to Old Irish druimm back ridge, Welsh trum

1. chiefly Scotland : a long narrow hill or ridge

2. : drumlin

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.