Meaning of HOOD in English

HOOD

I. ˈhu̇d noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English hood, hod, from Old English hōd; akin to Old Frisian hōd head covering, hōde guard, protection, Old High German huot head covering, helmet, huota guard, protection, Old Norse höttr head covering, and perhaps to Latin cassis helmet, Middle Irish cais love; basic meaning: protecting, covering

1.

a.

(1) : a covering usually of cloth or leather for the head and neck and sometimes the shoulders that is attached to a garment or worn separately and is made with a loose or close-fitting opening for the face — see cowl 1, french hood

(2) : a flexible covering of mail worn by an armored man usually under a helmet or dependent from a steel cap especially to protect the neck

(3) : the head covering of an ecclesiastical garment ; especially : a monk's cowl

(4) : a protective covering for the head and face that often extends below the shoulders, is made of various resistant materials, and is used by persons exposed to special hazards (as heat, fumes, radiation)

b. : a covering for a hawk's head and eyes

c. : a covering for a horse's head ; also : blinder

2. : something felt to resemble a hood: as

a.

(1) : an ornamental fold at the back of an ecclesiastical vestment

(2) : an ornamental scarf that is worn over an academic gown so as to swathe the neck and hang loose or form a closed pouch in back and that indicates by its color the wearer's college and often his degree or field of specialization — see academic costume

b. : a color marking or crest on the head of an animal or an expansion of the head that occupies the position of or suggests a hood

a cobra spreading his hood

— compare hooded

c.

(1) : a cap of foam on water

(2) : the upper fine-textured part of a batholith

d.

(1) : a hood-shaped upper petal of some flowers (as of monkshood) — called also helmet

(2) : a thickened structure that replaces the awn in barleys

e. : an unblocked usually cone-shaped hat body of felt, straw, or other material

3. : a covering that protects or obscures like a hood: as

a. chiefly Britain

(1) : a covering of earth and hay or straw over a heap of produce

(2) : a thatch or shelter of straw over a beehive

(3) : capsheaf 1

b. : a cap over the top of a chimney ; especially : a metal cap designed to secure constant draft by turning with the wind

c.

(1) : a top cover for the body of a vehicle (as a carriage or perambulator) that is usually flexible and designed to be folded back when desired

(2) Britain : the top of an automobile ; especially : a fabric top for a convertible

d.

(1) : a projecting cover above a hearth forming the upper part of a fireplace and confining and directing smoke to its flue

(2) : an enclosure or cover (as a canopy or booth) for exhausting by means of a draft disagreeable or noxious fumes, sprays, smoke, or dusts

installed a hood over the kitchen range

(3) : the part of a furnace cupola shell above the charging hole

(4) : bonnet 2e(4)

e. : a covering or porch for a companion hatch or other opening on a boat

f. : a projecting canopy on a building (as over a door or window)

g. : the endmost plank of a strake or plate of a shell strake, reaching the stem or stern of a wooden ship or both stem and stern

h.

(1) : a protective cowl or cover for mechanical devices or parts of them

(2) : the removable metal covering over the engine of an automobile — called also bonnet

i. : a covering over the front of a stirrup

j. : a covering that protects and supports the connections of a suspended electric lighting unit

k.

(1) : an arched or rounded top on furniture

(2) : the case enclosing the dial and works of some tall clocks

l. : a metal band that holds the reel of a fishing rod in position on the reel seat

m. : a protective cover (as of metal, paper, or plastic) fitted over the lip or top of a container and used especially to maintain sterile or sanitary conditions of the unopened package

4. : hooded seal

II. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English hooden, hoden, from hood, hod, n.

1. : to cover or furnish with a hood

one must hood the young hawk early in his training

2. : to cover over or obscure (as for protection or concealment) : hide

hooding the flashlight with his hand

especially : to partially close (the eyes or eyelids)

hooded her eyes against the sun

III. ˈhu̇d, -ü- noun

( -s )

Etymology: short for hoodlum

slang : hoodlum : as

a. : a gangster or racketeer

b. : a gunman or strong-arm man

IV. noun

or 'hood ˈhu̇d

( -s )

Etymology: short for neighborhood

: a neighborhood and especially an inner-city neighborhood ; also : inner city herein

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.