Meaning of HYSTERESIS in English

HYSTERESIS

ˌhistəˈrēsə̇s noun

( plural hystere·ses -ēˌsēz)

Etymology: New Latin, from Greek hysterēsis shortcoming, deficiency, need, from hysterein to come late, be behind (from hysteros later) + -sis — more at out

1.

a. : the lagging of a physical effect on a body behind its cause (as behind changed forces and conditions)

there is a good deal of hysteresis , that is, a time lag between the cooling and the setting to be expected of the jelly — J.W.McBain

all manometers must be tested for hysteresis as well as for sensitivity and natural frequency — H.D.Green

b. : a lagging of elongation behind tensile stress and of contraction behind release from stress in an elastic solid due to internal friction

c. : a lagging of magnetization and hence of magnetic induction behind magnetic intensity and of demagnetization behind reduction of intensity in a ferromagnetic substance (as iron)

d. : a lagging of electric polarization behind electric intensity and of depolarization behind reduction of intensity in a dielectric

2.

a. : the influence of the previous history or treatment of a body on its subsequent response to a given force or changed condition

the influence of the previous treatment of a gel upon its behavior is known as hysteresis — B.S.Meyer & D.B.Anderson

a study has been made of the phenomenon of rennet hysteresis , in which the time of coagulation of heated milk is progressively greater with increase in the time interval between heating and addition of rennet — J.S.Fruton

b. : the changed response of a body that results from this influence

the permeability depends on the past history (magnetically speaking) of the iron, a phenomenon known as hysteresis — F.W.Sears

3. : hysteresis loss

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.