Meaning of PLASTER in English

PLASTER

I. ˈplastə(r), -laas-, -lais-, -lȧs- noun

also plais·ter ˈplās-

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English plaster, plastre, from Old English, from Latin emplastrum, from Greek emplastron, emplastros, from emplastos daubed on, plastered up, verbal of emplassein to plaster up, make stick, from em- en- (II) + plassein to form, mold, plaster; akin to Greek pelanos round flat cake, Latin planus level, flat — more at floor

1.

a. : an external application of a consistency harder than ointment that is prepared for use by spreading it on cloth (as gauze) or other material and that is adhesive at the ordinary temperature of the body ; also : the application together with the material on which it is spread — see adhesive plaster , mustard plaster , porous plaster , sticking plaster

b. : anything applied to heal or soothe : salve

2.

[Middle English plaster, plastre, from Middle French plastre, from Latin emplastrum ]

a. : a cementing material that is produced by expelling a gas or liquid from a natural material (as limestone or gypsum) and has cementing properties caused by reabsorption of the gas or liquid

b. : plaster of paris

c. : a material that is applied in a plastic state (as by troweling) and hardens upon drying, that is used especially for coating interior walls, ceilings, and partitions, and that is usually made by mixing sand and water with gypsum plaster, quicklime, or hydrated lime to which hair or fiber may be added to act as a binder

lime plaster

acoustical plaster

— see bond plaster , cement plaster , gauging plaster , keene's cement ; compare brown coat , finishing coat , scratch coat ; mortar , stucco

d. : land plaster

3.

a. : a coating or surface of plaster (as on a wall or ceiling) especially when hardened

drive nails into the plaster

cracks in the plaster

b. : pargeting , plasterwork

c. : a work of art made of plaster of paris

II. verb

also plaister “

( plastered ; plastered ; plastering -t(ə)riŋ ; plasters )

Etymology: Middle English plasteren, partly from plaster (I) & partly from Middle French plastrir, from plastre plaster

transitive verb

1.

a. : to overlay or cover with plaster or a similar material

plaster a wall

b. : to smear or bedaub as if with plaster : coat

frequently fell and rose well plastered with yellow clay — R.M.Lovett

when the debris is solidly plastered over with snow — V.A.Firsoff

2.

a. : to apply a plaster to (as a wound or sprain)

b. : soothe , alleviate , remedy

3.

a. : to cover over or conceal as if with a coat of plaster

has at bottom the feelings of a gentleman, but all these are so plastered over with a stiff manner — H.J.Laski

: repair or redecorate superficially as if by plastering

the new owners doubled its size and plastered it with the panels and doors of an ancient English manor house — Van Wyck Brooks

b. : to apply as a coating or incrustation

typical of the veneer of antiquity which the sixteenth century loved to plaster over everything — R.A.Hall b.1911

plastered with jewels or decked in uniform — Saturday Review

c. : to smooth down with or as if with a sticky or shiny substance

wore his black hair plastered down

4. : to fasten or apply tightly to another surface

plastered my ear again to the drawing-room window — Denton Welch

rain sluicing down to plaster his ragged shirt to his body — Marcia Davenport

5. : to treat with plaster of paris: as

a. : to fertilize (as land or a crop) with plaster of paris

b. : to add plaster of paris to grapes or new wine for the purpose of improving the color or keeping qualities of the wine

6.

a. : to affix to or place upon especially conspicuously or lavishly

walls plastered with show bills

notices with which actresses plaster their books — G.B.Shaw

portrait plastered on a magazine cover

the more chips you plaster on the table the more likely is the ball to stop in your number — John Irwin

monotonous superlatives that were plastered on movie previews — Edmund Wilson

b.

(1) : to cause (an area) to be saturated with posters, placards, or advertising matter

run off 500 placards and plaster the town with them — Joanna Spencer

(2) : to cause to become known to many throughout a wide area

having plastered has nasty innuendoes around — Anthony West

7. : to inflict heavy damage, injury, or casualties upon, especially by a concentrated or unremitting attack : strike heavily and effectively

warships plastering the beach to clear the way for the invasion craft — C.D.Pearson

plan was to plaster the positions on the forward hills — E.V.Westrate

plastered his opponent for four rounds and then knocked him out

plastered the opposing team

intransitive verb

: to apply plaster

III. adjective

Etymology: plaster (I)

1. also plaister “ : made of plaster

plaster ornaments

2. : sham

elevate the patriot leaders into plaster models of inhuman perfection — H.B.Parkes

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.