Meaning of ROUT in English

ROUT

I. ˈrau̇t, usu -d.+V intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English routen, from Old English hrūtan; akin to Old High German hrūzan to snore, Old Norse hrjōta, and probably to Old English hrot thick fluid — more at coryza

archaic : snore

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English rute, route, from Middle French route, troop, band, defeat, from (assumed) Vulgar Latin rupta, from Latin, feminine of ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break — more at reave

1.

a. : a crowd of people : mob , throng

succeeded by a rout of rabbis, reverends, and monsignors — Dwight MacDonald

specifically : rabble

the butler, the parlormaid, and the rout from belowstairs — J.C.Trewin

b. or route “ archaic : a company of animals : flock

restless routs of sheep — John Clare

c. : a large number : multitude

the rout of series of books and pamphlets on the war — Times Literary Supplement

d. : number , herd

you will not swell the rout of lads that wore their honors out — A.E.Housman

a vulgar comment … by the common rout — Shakespeare

2. : a disturbance of the peace by persons assembled with intent to do something and actually making a motion toward its execution which if executed would make them rioters

3. archaic

a. : disturbance , uproar

b. : fuss

make such a rout about it — Harriet Granville

4. : a fashionable gathering : reception , soiree

foreign potentates at diplomatic routs — Robert Rice

Synonyms: see crowd

III. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English rowten, from Old Norse rauta; akin to Old English rēotan to cry, weep, Old High German riozan, Latin rudere to roar, Sanskrit roditi he weeps, roars, and probably to Old English rēon to lament — more at rumor

intransitive verb

1. dialect chiefly Britain : to low loudly : bawl , bellow — used of cattle

2. : to make a loud noise : roar

transitive verb

dialect chiefly Britain : to shout out : roar

have no … inclination to rout out my name to the countryside — R.L.Stevenson

IV. noun

( -s )

dialect chiefly Britain : a loud noise : clamor , uproar

V. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: alteration of root (III)

intransitive verb

1. : to poke around with the snout : root

pigs routing in the earth

2. : to make a haphazard search : rummage

routed in a corner and came back with … thread and needle — G.W.Brace

3. : to perform a gouging operation

carve, rout , shape and grind on this versatile machine — advt

transitive verb

1.

a. archaic : to dig up with the snout

routing up the moss … in search of acorns — Peter Beckford

b. : to gouge out or make a furrow in: as

(1) : to scoop out or cut away (as blank parts) from a printing surface (as an engraving or electrotype) with a router

(2) : to remove (as metal or wood) with a gouge or other hand-operated cutting tool

2.

a. : to expel by force : eject — usually used with out

whole families are … routed out of house and home — Arthur Murphy

b. : to cause to emerge especially from bed : drag out : roust

routed … from his garret by loud rings at the bell — Floyd Dell

routed me out of bed to help place the target — A.C.Fisher

rout the enemies of Calvinism from the inmost keep of their stronghold — V.L.Parrington

3. : to dig out : come up with : uncover

went … to his cellar and routed out a bottle of port — John Masefield

VI. noun

( -s )

: an act, process, or result of routing

this house, with its strange clutter … gives the effect of rout — Howard Griffin

VII. noun

( -s )

Etymology: probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Norse hrota barnacle goose

chiefly dialect : brant

VIII. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle French route troop, band, defeat — more at rout II

1. : a state of wild confusion or disorderly retreat

charging tanks put the infantry to rout

reason had been clearly put to rout by nineteenth-century Romanticism — Edmund Wilson

2.

a. : a disastrous defeat : debacle

the battle became a rout , a shambles — American Guide Series: Texas

b. : a precipitate flight

everybody was for saving his own skin in this frantic rout — L.C.Douglas

c. : an act or instance of routing

the rout of the Democrats … resulted in the candidacy of Republican incumbents — V.O.Key

most crushing defeat since its 61-0 rout last year

3. archaic : a fleeing force

disordered the rank … whereupon their men were in routs — Mary Wroth

IX. transitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

1.

a. : to disorganize completely : put to precipitate flight : demoralize , stampede

the large and well-mechanized army … had been routed and was in part surrounded — Upton Sinclair

charged the main body of Russian cavalry … and routed it — Al Newman

b. : to defeat decisively : overwhelm

suffered the discomfiture of seeing their party routed at the polls — A.N.Holcombe

the team routed their traditional Thanksgiving Day rivals 41-0

2. : to drive out : cause to disappear : dispel

virtues are discredited and decency is routed — Frank Mac Shane

Synonyms: see conquer

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.