Meaning of SPRAY in English

SPRAY

I. ˈsprā noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English — more at sprig

1.

a. : a cluster or mass of small twiggy branches : small brushwood

birch spray

b. sprays plural , dialect England : twisted willow or hazel for thatching

2.

a. : a usually slim branch or shoot : sprig

a spray of apple blossoms

b. : a bunch or cluster of cut flowers arranged for decorative effect (as on a dress, dinner table, or coffin)

shoulder spray

c. : something (as a decorative design, ornament, or brooch) resembling a spray

a spray of brilliants

rhinestone-set shoulder spray — Fashion Digest

3. : a very light bluish green that is duller and slightly greener than average ice green

4.

a. : an auxiliary gate, runner, or side channel in a founder's mold

b. : a group of castings made together and connected by sprues and not yet separated and trimmed

II. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

: to spread out in the form of a spray : branch out

orchids … sprayed from the bowl — Kathryn Grondahl

branches of climbing vines sprayed up its sides — Frederick Faust

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: from obsolete English spray to sprinkle, from Middle Dutch sprayen, spraeyen; akin to Middle High German spræjen, spræwen to squirt, spray, Swedish dialect språ, språs to sprout, Greek speirein to scatter, sow, sprinkle — more at sprout

1. : water flying in small drops or particles as blown from waves or thrown up by a waterfall

spray cast up when the heavy rain pounded the flat porch rail — John Updike

2.

a.

(1) : a jet of fine medicated vapor used either as an application to a diseased part or to charge the air of a room with a disinfectant or deodorizer

(2) : an instrument for applying such a spray : atomizer — compare aerosol

b. : a jet of liquid (as water) dispersed by a sprayer

3.

a.

(1) : an application in suspension or solution of a pesticide

(2) : the material so applied

b. : fog 3a

c. : a device for applying a vaporized coating (as of paint)

IV. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to scatter or let fall (as a solution) in the form of spray

spray a 1 percent solution from an atomizer onto the incision

antibiotics and body powders that can be sprayed instead of dusted on — Time

2.

a. : to throw spray upon

the waves sprayed us with salt water

especially : to cover entirely or partially with a liquid, a foam, or sometimes a dust by means of a sprayer or aerosol bomb (as for destroying bacteria or plant pests)

b. : to throw a liquid upon in the form of a spray

stove exploded, spraying them with flaming kerosine — Pasadena (Calif.) Independent

c. : to apply something to by atomizing and allowing to strike the surface in a uniform manner

sprayed the furniture with paint

d. : to fire upon scatteringly : strew with bullets

opened fire spraying them with buckshot — Meridel LeSueur

intransitive verb

1. : to take the form of spray : scatter in fine particles

the device causes the water to spray

2. : to discharge a liquid as spray

V.

variant of spree

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.