Meaning of TEMPERATURE in English

TEMPERATURE

R ˈtempə(r)]ˌchu̇(ə)r, -p(ə)rə], ]chər sometimes ].ˌtyu̇(ə)r or ]ˌtu̇(ə)r or ˈtem(p)chər; - R ˈtempə(r)]ˌchu̇ə, -p(ə)rə], ]chə sometimes ].ˌtyu̇ə or ]ˌtu̇ə or ˈtem(p)chə noun

( -s )

Usage: often attributive

Etymology: Latin temperatura, from temperatus (past participle of temperare to mix, blend, regulate, restrain oneself, abstain) + -ura -ure — more at temper

1. archaic : a mixture or blending of elements : composition , constitution

beings of our make and temperature — John Bonnycastle

2. obsolete

a. : a proper middle course : a mean between extremes : compromise , moderation

b. : mildness of climate : temperateness

3. archaic

a. : complexion 1b

b. : temperament 2a

c. : temperament 2b

4. : temper 2a

5.

a. : degree of hotness or coldness measured on one of several arbitrary scales based on some observable phenomenon (as the expansion of mercury) : the degree of a material substance that is a linear function of the kinetic energy of the random motion of its molecules : the degree of a vacuum that depends upon the density of the radiant energy within it — compare absolute zero , heat

b. : the degree of heat that is natural to the body of a living being, that in invertebrates and cold-blooded vertebrates approximates that of the environment, and that in warm-blooded vertebrates fluctuates in a narrow range characteristic of the kind of animal and largely independent of the environment

man's normal oral temperature of about 98.6° F

c. : abnormally high body heat

running a temperature

: a feverish condition

had a temperature for three days

d. : relative state of emotional warmth : level of interest : intensity

aware of a change in the temperature of our friendship — Christopher Isherwood

the low temperature of competition — V.O.Key

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.